What is the ecosystem of Himalayan region?
The Himalayan subtropical pine forests occupy the western end of the subtropical belt, with forests dominated by Chir Pine (Pinus roxburghii). The central part of the range is home to the Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests, an ecoregion that has many different kinds of forest.
What is the importance of the Himalayas short answer?
Importance of Himalayas:
The Himalayas acts as a barrier protecting the great Plains of India from the cold winds of Central Asia during the severe winter season. The Himalayas are the reason for summer rains and monsoon type of climate in the regions that are beyond the Western ghats of India.
What is National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem?
The primary objective of the Mission is to develop in a time bound manner a sustainable national capacity to continuously assess the health status of the Himalayan Ecosystem and enable policy bodies in their policy-formulation functions as also to assist States in the Indian Himalayan Region with implementation of …
What is the meaning of Himalayan ecosystem?
It includes over 51 million people who practice hill agriculture and remains vulnerable The Himalayan ecosystem is vital to the ecological security of the Indian landmass, through providing forest cover, feeding perennial rivers that are the source of drinking water, irrigation, and hydropower, conserving biodiversity, …
What is the importance of Himalayas to India?
Significance of Himalayan mountains to India are mainly classified as climatic influence ,defence, source of rivers , fertile soil ,agriculture, tourism, hydroelectricity, forest wealth ,minerals and pilgrimage. The Himalayas save our country from the cold and dry winds of Central Asia.
How Himalayas are beneficial for human beings?
The Himalayas are very useful to India in many ways. … The Himalayas are a great climatic barrier. They save our country from the cold and dry winds of Central Asia, It also prevents the rain-laden monsoon winds of Indian Ocean from crossing over to Northern countries and causes heavy rain-fall in the Northern India.
How do Himalayas play an important role in the economic and cultural development of India?
Himalayas play an important role in economic and cultural development of India in the following ways: The Himalayas act as a barrier to the South West monsoon winds. … Himalayas are known for their scenic beauty and are visited by tourists all over the world bringing much needed foreign currency into the country.
How do the Himalayas protect us?
How does the Himalayas protect India? It traps the monsoon winds from Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal and forces them to shed their moisture content within the Indian sub-continent in the form of snow and rain. It also blocks the cold winter storms of East Asia from entering India, thus protecting us from severe cold.
What is importance of ecosystem?
Healthy terrestrial ecosystems are vital for human welfare and survival, as they provide us with essential products and benefits. Over 90% of our food comes from terrestrial ecosystems, which also provide energy, building materials, clothes, medicines, fresh and clean water, and clean air.
What are the challenges faced by the Himalayan region in the present days?
Rapid changes present complex development challenges in the Himalayan region. The frequency of floods and droughts seems to be on the rise, as is the demand for water, food and energy. … Migration is common in the Himalayas, with large numbers of males leaving the countryside to find work in urban centres.
What is National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture?
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) has been made operational from the year 2014-15 which aims at making agriculture more productive, sustainable, remunerative and climate resilient by promoting location specific integrated /composite farming systems; soil and moisture conservation measures; …