Which is the Centre of biodiversity in India?
The Barak Valley falling in Assam in the Northeast India belongs to the Indo-Burma Hotspots, and one of the most biological diverse regions of the world. Barak Valley constitutes 8.9% geographical area of the state covering an area of 6922 sq km.
What country is the center of biodiversity?
Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.
Which area is rich in biodiversity?
#1: Brazil. Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Which area in India is a hotspot of biodiversity?
India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
Why India is called a mega biodiversity center?
India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. … To be a mega diverse country it needs to have 5000 vascular plants species as endemic to the country.
How many biodiversity centers are there in the world?
There are 34 areas around the world which are qualified as Biodiversity hotspots.
What is mega diversity Centre?
Description. Megadiversity Countries is a term used to refer to the world’s top biodiversity-rich countries. This country-focused method raises national awareness for biodiversity conservation in nations with high biological diversity, with many species unique to a specific country.
What is the rank of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.
Which region has greatest diversity?
Species diversity is greatest in the tropics, particularly in tropical forests and coral reefs. The Amazon basin in South America has the largest area of tropical forests.