How are oceans responsible for global climate and local weather?

How does water have a local effect on weather and climate?

Large bodies of water such as oceans, seas, and large lakes affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than land. Therefore, in the summer, the coastal regions will stay cooler and in winter warmer. A more moderate climate with a smaller temperature range is created.

Which are the factors responsible for local and global climate?

There are lots of factors that influence our climate

  • Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
  • Prevailing global wind patterns. …
  • Topography. …
  • Effects of Geography. …
  • Surface of the Earth. …
  • Climate change over time.

Why is the ocean important in the climate system?

The Ocean’s Role in Climate & Climate Change. … The ocean is involved in the climate system primarily because it stores heat, water, and carbon dioxide, moves them around on the earth, and exchanges these and other elements with the atmosphere.

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How do oceans affect local weather?

The ocean influences weather and climate by storing solar radiation, distributing heat and moisture around the globe, and driving weather systems. … Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds.

How do oceans influence weather and climate quizlet?

Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.

What role do oceans play in the water cycle?

Not only do the oceans provide evaporated water to the water cycle, they also allow water to move all around the globe as ocean currents. Oceans are the storehouses of water nature uses to run the water cycle.

How do ocean currents influence climate in the coastal areas?

Warm and cold ocean currents can affect the climate of coastal regions, but only when local winds blow in from the sea. Warm currents heat the air over the ocean and bring higher temperatures over land. Cold currents can lower air temperatures and can bring colder temperatures over land.

How does the ocean moderate the climate of downwind coastal areas?

The ocean has a moderate influence on the climate of downwind coastal areas because it helps keep the temperatures more moderate and predictable. … Furthermore, the ocean water has a high specific heat and thus, on average, absorbs more heat. This also helps keep temperature moderate instead of reaching extreme highs.

What influences weather and climate?

Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.

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What are the influencing factors of weather and climate explain?

The five factors that determine the weather of any land area are: the amount of solar energy received because of latitude; the area’s elevation or proximity to mountains; nearness to large bodies of water and relative temperatures of land and water; the number of such storm systems as cyclones, hurricanes, and …

How does the climate in coastal areas differ from that of continental areas or places near land masses?

Distance from the sea (Continentality)

The sea affects the climate of a place. Coastal areas are cooler and wetter than inland areas. Clouds form when warm air from inland areas meets cool air from the sea. The centre of continents are subject to a large range of temperatures.