How does biodiversity affect the food we eat?

How does biodiversity affect food?

“Less biodiversity means that plants and animals are more vulnerable to pests and diseases. Compounded by our reliance on fewer and fewer species to feed ourselves, the increasing loss of biodiversity for food and agriculture puts food security and nutrition at risk,” added Graziano da Silva.

Why biodiversity is important for food?

Biodiversity is essential to food and agriculture

It supplies many vital ecosystem services, such as creating and maintaining healthy soils, pollinating plants, controlling pests and providing habitat for wildlife, including for fish and other species that are vital to food production and agricultural livelihoods.

What are the negative effects of biodiversity?

destruction, degradation and fragmentation of habitats. reduction of individual survival and reproductive rates through exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species.

How does loss of biodiversity affect food production?

Biodiversity for food and agriculture is vital for food security. The erosion of biodiversity will undermine the capacity of agricultural systems to adapt to changing conditions and shocks, such as climate change, and outbreaks of pests and diseases that may jeopardise food security and livelihoods.

Why is biodiversity important to maintaining food webs and food chains?

Biodiversity is important to the stability of food webs because it increases the complexity of interactions between organisms and makes them better

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What are the effects of biodiversity?

These ecological effects of biodiversity in turn are affected by both climate change through enhanced greenhouse gases, aerosols and loss of land cover, and biological diversity, causing a rapid loss of biodiversity and extinctions of species and local populations.

Why is biodiversity important for human lives?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

What are 5 benefits of biodiversity?

A healthy biodiversity offers many natural services

  • Protection of water resources.
  • Soils formation and protection.
  • Nutrient storage and recycling.
  • Pollution breakdown and absorption.
  • Contribution to climate stability.
  • Maintenance of ecosystems.
  • Recovery from unpredictable events.