What is biodiversity in environmental science?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
How does the environment play a role in biodiversity?
This life, in all its shapes and sizes, occurs in the context of ecosystems: it relies on and interacts with other organisms and the physical environment. … These varying environmental conditions cause natural variations in biodiversity, as well as genetic and epigenetic changes, within and between species over time.
What is biodiversity quizlet environmental science?
biodiversity. the degree of variation of life forms within a given species, ecosystem, biome, or an entire planet; a measure of the health of ecosystems relative to latitude.
What is environmental value of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is essential for preserving ecological processes, such as fixing and recycling of nutrients, soil formation, circulation and cleansing of air and water, global life support, maintaining the water balance within ecosystems, watershed protection, maintaining stream and river flows throughout the year, …
Why is diversity important in environment?
Biodiversity is the key indicator of the health of an ecosystem. A wide variety of species will cope better with threats than a limited number of them in large populations. Even if certain species are affected by pollution, climate change or human activities, the ecosystem as a whole may adapt and survive.
How does biodiversity affect the environment Brainly?
Answer : Loss of biodiversity could impact ecosystems as much as climate change, pollution and other environmental stresses, according to new research.
What is the importance of biodiversity in adaptation and survival of organisms?
Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.
Why is biodiversity important to human biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for ecological life support, biodiversity gives a functioning ecosystem that provides oxygen, clear air and water, plant pollutions, pest control, wastewater treatment and lots of ecosystem services.