How does land distribution affect climate?
Fires in forests, grasslands, shrublands, and agricultural lands affect climate in two ways: 1) transporting carbon from the land to the atmosphere in the form of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and 2) increasing the concentration of small particles (aerosols) in the atmosphere that tend to reduce the amount …
How does property of water affect climate?
Water has a high specific heat, meaning it takes a lot of heat energy to warm it up. This high specific heat helps to regulate the temperature near large bodies of water by keeping the air warmer in the winter and cooler during the summer.
How does elevation affect climate?
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
Why does water heat slower than land?
One reason water heats more slowly than land is that it is a mobile medium. … Earth’s oceans are far more important than the land as a source of the heat energy which drives weather and climate. Not only do the oceans cover more than 2/3 of the Earth’s surface, they also absorb more sunlight and store more heat.
What properties of water allow the water cycle to maintain a balanced climate?
Explanation: The properties of water that helps water cycle to maintain balanced climate is evaporation, condensation and precipitation. In evaporation, water takes up energy from its surroundings and decrease the temperature of environment and when it condenses, it releases energy and the environment get warm.
What property of water helps moderate Earth’s temp?
Water’s High-Specific Heat
Water can moderate temperature because of the two properties: high-specific heat and the high heat of vaporization. High-specific heat is the amount of energy that is absorbed or lost by one gram of a substance to change the temperature by 1 degree celsius.
How does elevation affect water?
At a higher elevation, the lower atmospheric pressure means heated water reaches its boiling point more quickly—i.e., at a lower temperature. Water at sea level boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit; at 5,000 feet above sea level, the boiling point is 203 degrees F. Up at 10,000 feet, water boils at 194 degrees F.
How do mountains and hills affect climate?
Fourthly, mountains themselves play a major role in influencing regional and glo- bal climates. They act as barriers for wind flow, which induces enhanced precipita- tion on the windward side, and reduced precipitation and warmer temperatures on the leeward side.
How does altitude affect climate patterns in a region?
The altitude affects the climate because the higher the altitude, the cooler and harsher the climate. Also, if the latitude is to 0 degrees, the hotter the temperature and the more humidity in the atmosphere.