Why is Jamaica vulnerable to climate change?
Jamaica is vulnerable to the climate change hazards that threaten it mainly because of its dependence on freshwater sources, infrastructural inadequacies, and reliance on different economic goods and services.
How does climate change affect agriculture in Jamaica?
Citrus and root crops are sensitive to changes in temperature and precipitation (moisture). With projected increases in drought conditions and up to 2.8 degree Celsius rise in temperature in the next 60 to 70 years, Jamaica’s domestic crops will be under stress and food security will be threatened.
How does climate change affect animals in Jamaica?
Increased inundation of coastal wetlands and lowlands. Loss of estuarine, coastal species and communities. Increased intrusion of salt water vegetation into freshwater ecosystems in coastal areas. Loss of nesting and feeding habitats particularly for endangered turtle species and crocodiles.
How does climate change affect the economy of Jamaica?
Climatic features, such as temperature and precipitation, will affect the demand for tourism in Jamaica. By 2050 the industry is expected to lose US$ 132.2 million and 106.1 million under the A2 and B2 scenarios, respectively.
How does the climate in Jamaica affect the food?
With our region being affected by higher temperatures and more frequent rainfall, the persistence and occurrence of bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi and their vectors will increase, along with their corresponding food-borne diseases and risk of toxic contamination to food.
What is climate change exactly?
Climate change is the long-term alteration of temperature and typical weather patterns in a place. … The cause of current climate change is largely human activity, like burning fossil fuels, like natural gas, oil, and coal. Burning these materials releases what are called greenhouse gases into Earth’s atmosphere.
How does climate change affect the environment?
Climate change may aggravate erosion, decline in organic matter, salinization, soil biodiversity loss, landslides, desertification and flooding. The effect of climate change on soil carbon storage can be related to changing atmospheric CO2 concentrations, increased temperatures and changing precipitation patterns.