What is the biodiversity of Asia?
The Asia Pacific region is exceptionally rich in biodiversity. The tropical forests of South East Asia, the reefs of the ‘coral triangle’, the temperate forests and the large river basins found in the region are among the most unique on Earth. However, biodiversity in the Asia Pacific region is in fast decline.
How many biodiversity hotspots are in China?
China hosts, mostly or partially, four of the world’s 36 biodiversity hotspots (Myers et al. 2000, CEPF 2019). The hotspots in China range from the arid northwest of the country, across Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the highest and largest plateau of the world, to the tropical and subtropical southern China.
What are the 4 biodiversity hotspots in India?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
How many species are there in Asia?
It is home to about 500 native mammal species. The bird fauna is also very diverse, with some 1,300 species. Over 500 reptile and over 300 amphibian species are also present, including numerous endemics.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Pakistan?
As a consequence of these geographical and climatic factors, Pakistan has been divided into 10 major ecological or vegetative zones.
Why is New Caledonia a biodiversity hotspot?
New Caledonia’s rich biodiversity and high endemism are due to its long-isolated evolution, as well as the variety of precipitation levels and very particular ultrabasic soils that cover more than one third of the country.
Why are some countries called hotspots?
What are biodiversity hotspots? To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable.