What are the salient features of Indian biodiversity?
It has two of the 25 identified biodiversity centres termed as hot spots, viz., Eastern Himalaya and Western Ghats. Hot spots are extremely rich in species and have high degree of endemism. They are under constant threat of loss of biodiversity, thus, need immediate conservation and protection. 2.
What are the main features of biodiversity?
Biodiversity refers to the variety and variability among living organisms and ecological compliances in which they occur. Major components in biodiversity are ecosystem diversity, species diversity and genetic diversity.
Why India is called biodiversity?
India is called a mega diversity center because of the large number and the variety of organisms are found in this country. … These ecosystems are populated by organisms which are endemic to the Indian subcontinent such as the Asiatic lion, the Kashmir stag, the Black buck, etc.
Why is Indian biodiversity important?
Biodiversity in India, particularly, is important for its religious, spiritual and other cultural uses. Many plants and animals have ritual significance. … Various plant and animal species are considered sacred on account of their association with different deities.
What are the main features of the Bio Diversity Act 2002?
1) To regulate access to biological resources of the country with equitable share in benefits arising out of the use of biological resources. 2) To conserve and sustainably use biological diversity. 4) To create National , State and local biodiversity fund and its use for conservation of biodiversity.
What are the features of biodiversity hotspots?
To qualify as a hotspot, a region must meet two criteria: it must contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants (> 0.5% of the world’s total) as endemics; it has to have lost ≥ 70% of its original native habitat. Hotspots are not formally recognised or governed areas.
What are the 3 features of biodiversity?
Three components of biodiversity are ecosystem, species and genetic diversity. Ecosystems perform functions that are essential to human existence such as oxygen and soil production and water purification.
What do you mean by biodiversity hotspots discuss briefly about Indian biodiversity hotspots regions describe different conservation strategies of biological diversity?
Biodiversity Hotspots in India – Himalayas, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats & Sundaland. Biodiversity is referred to as the variation of plant and animal species in a particular habitat. … India is known for its rich biodiversity and has around 24.46% of the geographical area covered by forests and trees.
What are hotspots of biodiversity which are the hotspots found in India discuss their salient features?
Some of these biodiversity hotspots are present in India which includes:
- The Western Ghats. These hills are present along the western edge of peninsular India. …
- The Himalayas. This region comprises Bhutan, Northeast India, and Southern, Central and Eastern Nepal. …
- Indo-Burma Region. …
What is the biodiversity in India?
India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.
What is the rank of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.