The genetic, metabolic, physiological and chemical diversity of these species underpins primary industries such as agriculture, grazing, forestry and fisheries. Many biodiversity elements help to provide crops, timber, seafood and other necessities through ecosystem services.
What is biodiversity defined as?
More in Center for Biodiversity & Conservation. The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
How is biodiversity classified?
Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).
Is biodiversity an economy?
Biodiversity is a source of economic wealth for many regions of the world, such as many nature reserves, parks and forests, where wildlife and plants are sources of beauty and joy for many people. Ecotourism, in particular, is a growing outdoor recreational activity.
What is biodiversity in business?
Biodiversity fundamentally underpins the benefits that businesses derive from natural capital and supports the key ecosystem functions that ensure the delivery of business operations and productivity.
What is biodiversity economy?
In other words, the ambit of the biodiversity economy is the Bioprospecting (i.e. research on, or development or application of, indigenous biological/genetic resources for commercial or industrial exploitation and includes: the systematic search, collection or gathering of such resources or making extractions from …
What is an example of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is the variety of life. Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. … Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
Four Types of Biodiversity
- Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
- Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
- Ecosystem Diversity. …
- Functional Diversity.