Why is biodiversity important for food security?
Biodiversity, food and nutrition interact on a number of key issues. It contributes directly to food security, nutrition and well-being by providing a variety of plant and animals from domesticated and wild sources. … Wild indigenous plants provide alternate sources of food when harvests fail.
What is the importance of biodiversity to our health?
Biodiversity supports human and societal needs, including food and nutrition security, energy, development of medicines and pharmaceuticals and freshwater, which together underpin good health. It also supports economic opportunities, and leisure activities that contribute to overall wellbeing.
What is the importance of biodiversity in the environment and environmental protection?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. … A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.
What is the relationship between biodiversity and food security?
“Less biodiversity means that plants and animals are more vulnerable to pests and diseases. Compounded by our reliance on fewer and fewer species to feed ourselves, the increasing loss of biodiversity for food and agriculture puts food security and nutrition at risk,” added Graziano da Silva.
What is the importance of agricultural biodiversity?
Crop diversity, in both space and time, can enhance nutrient use efficiency, and a diverse soil community may regulate tighter nutrient cycling, reduce pests and diseases, and improve soil structure (e.g., Brussaard et al., 2007).
Why is biodiversity important to human biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for ecological life support, biodiversity gives a functioning ecosystem that provides oxygen, clear air and water, plant pollutions, pest control, wastewater treatment and lots of ecosystem services.
How does biodiversity affect the environment?
A diversity of species increases the ability of ecosystems to do things like hold soils together, maintain soil fertility, deliver clean water to streams and rivers, cycle nutrients, pollinate plants (including crops), and buffer against pests and diseases—these are sometimes called ‘ecosystem functions’ or ‘ecosystem …
What is biodiversity and why is it important for human lives?
Biodiversity refers to the variety of life on the Earth. Biodiversity includes the total number of species of plants, animals, and microorganisms living on the earth. Biodiversity is important for human lives because: To maintain ecological balance.
Why is biodiversity so important and worthy of protection?
Healthy ecosystems clean our water, purify our air, maintain our soil, regulate the climate, recycle nutrients and provide us with food. … Biodiversity is the key indicator of the health of an ecosystem. A wide variety of species will cope better with threats than a limited number of them in large populations.