Quick Answer: Why is India a mega biodiversity nation?

Why India is called mega biodiversity nation?

India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. … To be a mega diverse country it needs to have 5000 vascular plants species as endemic to the country.

Why is India among the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world?

India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.

Why India has a rich biodiversity?

It has about 15,000 flowering plants and ferns. India is blessed with different types of soils, climatic conditions and physical features and thus, it is suitable for supporting different species of flora and fauna making it a biodiversity hot spot.

Is India a mega biodiversity nation?

India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. The country is divided into 10 biogeographic regions. … These are concentrated in the floristically rich areas of North-East India, the Western Ghats, North-West Himalayas and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

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What is a mega diversity nation?

Megadiversity Countries is a term used to refer to the world’s top biodiversity-rich countries. This country-focused method raises national awareness for biodiversity conservation in nations with high biological diversity, with many species unique to a specific country.

Which place does India occupy in biodiversity?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity of the world and is being divided into?

“India is one of the 17 megadiversity countries of the world and is being divided into______biogeographical regions.” India is one of the twelve of the twelve megadiversity regions of the world with 8.1% of genetic resources of the world.

Why is Indian biodiversity important?

Biodiversity in India, particularly, is important for its religious, spiritual and other cultural uses. Many plants and animals have ritual significance. … Various plant and animal species are considered sacred on account of their association with different deities.

What is Indian biodiversity?

India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.

What makes Indian biodiversity unique?

India has tremendous biodiversity, genetic as well as of species and ecosystems. It contains over 7 per cent of the world’s biodiversity on 2.5 per cent of the Earth’s surface. … Among amphibians found in India, 62% are unique to this country. Among lizards, of the 153 species recorded, 50% are endemic.

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