What are the five main pressures on biodiversity?

What are the 5 factors that affect biodiversity?

Five main threats to biodiversity are commonly recognized in the programmes of work of the Convention: invasive alien species, climate change, nutrient loading and pollution, habitat change, and overexploitation.

What are the pressures on biodiversity?

The most significant current pressures are clearing, fragmentation and declining quality of habitat; invasive species; climate change; changed fire regimes; grazing; and changed hydrology. Most of these exert a high to very high pressure on biodiversity, and are worsening.

What are the major issues of biodiversity?

8 Major Causes of Biodiversity – Explained!

  • Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: A habitat is the place where a plant or animal naturally lives. …
  • Over-exploitation for Commercialization: …
  • Invasive Species: …
  • Pollution: …
  • Global Climate Change: …
  • Population Growth and Over-consumption: …
  • Illegal Wildlife Trade: …
  • Species extinction:

What are the three pressures that lead to biodiversity?

Three major interacting drivers affecting all these pressures have been (and will be) climate, human population growth and the demands placed on the environment to support human lifestyles. It will be important to address all three of these drivers if pressures on biodiversity are to be reduced to desirable levels.

What are the 4 types of biodiversity?

Four Types of Biodiversity

  • Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
  • Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
  • Ecosystem Diversity. …
  • Functional Diversity.
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What are the 6 factors that affect biodiversity?

Important direct drivers affecting biodiversity are habitat change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution (CF4, C3, C4. 3, S7).

What are environmental pressures examples?

Types of selection pressures include:

  • Resource availability – Presence of sufficient food, habitat (shelter / territory) and mates.
  • Environmental conditions – Temperature, weather conditions or geographical access.
  • Biological factors – Predators and pathogens (diseases)

What are anthropogenic pressures?

Anthropogenic factors such as fishing, fish-farming, pollution with toxic substances, increasing salinity and pollution of coastal lakes/estuaries, increasing turbidity (due to plankton blooms, bottom trawling, sand mining and erosion of shores) and over-exploitation, alter the ecosystem and degrade the habitats.