What are the 4 components of biodiversity?
The four major components of biodiversity are species diversity, ecological diversity, genetic diversity, and functional diversity.
What are the four main types of diversity of ecosystems?
There is ecological diversity, species diversity, genetic diversity, and ecosystem diversity.
What are the 4 main factors that can affect ecosystems and its biodiversity?
Important direct drivers affecting biodiversity are habitat change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution (CF4, C3, C4. 3, S7).
What is biodiversity explain 4 components of biodiversity?
The four major components of biological diversity are: Functional Diversity (biological or chemical processes such as energy flow and matter recycling needed for the survival of species, communities, and ecosystems), Ecological Diversity (the variety of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems found in an area or on the …
What are the 3 components of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms.
What is ecological diversity mention the different types of ecological diversity?
Ecological diversity includes species diversity, genetic diversity, and the ecosystem diversity. They are collectively considered as the Biodiversity. It is the sum of all kinds of animals and plants living in this earth along with their habitat.
What are the ecological services of biodiversity?
Many key ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, such as nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, pest regulation and pollination, sustain agricultural productivity. Promoting the healthy functioning of ecosystems ensures the resilience of agriculture as it intensifies to meet growing demands for food production.
What are the 3 main types of ecosystems?
There are three broad categories of ecosystems based on their general environment: freshwater, ocean water, and terrestrial. Within these broad categories are individual ecosystem types based on the organisms present and the type of environmental habitat.
What are the main factors in ecosystem diversity?
Broadly speaking, the diversity of an ecosystem is dependent on the physical characteristics of the environment, the diversity of species present, and the interactions that the species have with each other and with the environment.
What determines the biodiversity of an ecosystem?
Factors that affect biodiversity in an ecosystem include area, climate, and diversity of niches. … Human activities can also threaten biodiversity. These activities include habitat destruction, poaching, pollution, and the introduction of exotic species.