What is agro biodiversity hotspots in India?

How many agro biodiversity hotspots are there in India?

Agro-biodiversity Hotspots of India

S. No. Hotspot Region
3. Eastern Himalayan
4. Brahmaputra Valley
5. Khasia-Jaintia-Garo Hills
6. North-Eastern Hills

What are the biodiversity hotspots in India?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.

Why agro biodiversity is important?

Abstract: Agricultural biodiversity has hitherto been valued almost exclusively as a source of traits that can be used in scientific breeding programs to improve the productivity of crop varieties and livestock breeds. We argue that it can make a far greater contribution to increased productivity.

What are the three types of biodiversity?

Biodiversity is usually explored at three levels – genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity. These three levels work together to create the complexity of life on Earth.

Why is the diversity seen in the agro products in India?

The diversity of crops and livestock is not only accidental, nor is it purely natural; it is more the outcome of thousands of years of deliberate selection, planned exposure to a range of natural conditions, field-level cross-breeding, and other manipulations which farmers have tried out.

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What is ex situ conservation?

Ex situ conservation is the technique of conservation of all levels of biological diversity outside their natural habitats through different techniques like zoo, captive breeding, aquarium, botanical garden, and gene bank.

Which is in situ conservation?

On-site conservation is called as in-situ conservation, which means conservation of genetic resources in the form of natural populations by establishing biosphere reserves such as national parks and sanctuaries. Practices like horticulture and floriculture also preserve plants in a natural habitat.