Why are lines of latitude important in relation to climate?
Lines of latitude are significant not just for global navigation – but, more fundamentally, because they reflect the changing angle of the sun in respect to the earth. This alone determines day length, seasonality, and to a large extent, climate.
What is relationship between latitude and climate?
Temperature is inversely related to latitude. As latitude increases, the temperature falls, and vice versa. Generally, around the world, it gets warmer towards the equator and cooler towards the poles.
How does high latitudes affect climate?
Climate change is occurring faster in high-latitude regions due to the phenomenon of Arctic amplification, the positive feedback effects that spur further warming of the climate. For example: Sea ice reflects the sun’s rays back into space, reflecting more heat than it absorbs, which helps keep the planet cool.
What is the importance of latitude in relation to heat energy in the atmosphere?
Energy is transferred from lower latitude energy surplus areas to higher latitude energy deficit areas by atmospheric circulation. If there was no atmospheric circulation, lower latitudes would get hotter and hotter and higher latitudes colder and colder.
Between which latitudes does the hottest part of the surface lie?
The Torrid Zone, between the Tropic of Cancer at 23° 27′ N.
Why does climate vary across latitude?
The variations are the result of two phenomena: the orbit of the Earth around the sun and the tilt of the Earth’s axis relative to the orbit. The tilt is the primary reason that different latitudes experience different weather patterns or climates.
How are continental climates different from temperate climates?
How are continental climates different from temperate climates? They have colder winters. What impact does the ocean have on climate? It tends to moderate temperatures in coastal areas.
Why is climate more influenced by latitude than longitude?
Many factors influence the climate of a region. The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. Sunlight filters through a thick wedge of atmosphere, making the sunlight much less intense. …