Your question: How does maintaining biodiversity in ecosystems improve sustainable food production and climate change survival?

How does biodiversity make an ecosystem more sustainable?

The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem. A great variety of genes and species means that the ecosystem is better able to carry out natural processes in the face of external stress. Thus, the ecosystem is more sustainable.

How can biodiversity be used to improve food production?

Secondly, another use of biodiversity in food production is the use of natural predators to control pests. … Mixing crop species together, or even increasing the genetic diversity within a single crop species, can reduce damage by pests (Fig 3). Improving plant diversity on farmland can act as a natural pesticide.

Why is biodiversity important to you in terms of health and agriculture?

Biodiversity plays a crucial role in human nutrition through its influence on world food production, as it ensures the sustainable productivity of soils and provides the genetic resources for all crops, livestock, and marine species harvested for food.

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What is biodiversity and why is it important to sustain an ecosystem?

Biodiversity is a measure of variation at genetic, species and ecosystem levels. It helps to boost the ecosystem and its productivity where every species have a meaning and a role no matter how small. For example, a large number of plant species mean a great variety of crops.

What are the advantages of high biodiversity in maintaining the stability of an ecosystem?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

Why is biodiversity important in sustainable food systems?

Biodiversity is the basis of agriculture and our food systems. … Agricultural biodiversity also performs ecosystem services such as soil and water conservation, maintenance of soil fertility, conservation of biota and pollination of plants, all of which are essential for food production and for human survival.

Why is biodiversity important for food production?

Conservation and maintenance of biodiversity are important for four reasons. … Economics: Biodiversity provides us with great economic returns, for example the provision of food and fibre, medicines, control of pest organisms, building materials and crop pollination.

Why is it important for an ecosystem to be sustainable and balanced what might happen if it is not?

Sufficient food availability to all living organisms and their stability reflect the existence of ecological balance. Therefore, this balance is very important because it ensures survival, existence and stability of the environment. Survival of all organisms is actualized due to ecological balance.

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How does biodiversity affect ecosystem services?

Many key ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, such as nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, pest regulation and pollination, sustain agricultural productivity. Promoting the healthy functioning of ecosystems ensures the resilience of agriculture as it intensifies to meet growing demands for food production.

Why is biodiversity important to maintaining food webs and food chains?

Biodiversity is important to the stability of food webs because it increases the complexity of interactions between organisms and makes them better