Your question: How does the ITCZ influence the climate of Africa?

How does ITCZ influence climate?

The ITCZ follows the sun in that the position varies seasonally. It moves north in the Northern Hemisphere summer and south in the Northern Hemisphere winter. Therefore, the ITCZ is responsible for the wet and dry seasons in the tropics.

How the ITCZ accounts for the climate of West Africa?

West Africa’s climate is controlled by the interaction of two air masses, the influence of which varies throughout the year with the north-south movement of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). … In summer, moist equatorial air masses originating over the Atlantic Ocean bring annual monsoon rains (Nicholson, 2013).

How ITCZ influence the climate of Uganda?

The climate in Uganda is controlled by the oscillating effects of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), which sees the convergence of the rain bringing Atlantic westerlies and Indian Ocean easterlies and the dry north-east and south-east monsoon winds.

What weather does the ITCZ bring?

As the ITCZ moves north with the thermal equator, it carries the mT winds over the land. This will bring dry weather. As the ITCZ moves north with the thermal equator, it carries the mT winds over the land. This will bring wet weather.

What is the main climate found in northern Africa?

Current Climatology of North Africa

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Along the coast, North Africa has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers, with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.

What are the five factors that affect the climate?

Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude, Altitude, relief, currents and winds and distance from the sea.