Your question: What are the major factors that controls the climate of Ethiopia?

What are the factors that control the climate?

There are six major controls of the climate of an area. These factors are latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.

What are the major climate controls?

Pressure and winds: Pressure and wind system of an area depend on the latitude and altitude of the place. … Ocean currents: Ocean currents alongwith the onshore winds affect the climate of a coastal area. Any coastal area with warm or cold currents flowing past it, will become warm or cold if the winds are onshore.

What are the major climatic factors?

Major climate factors

  • Latitude. The farther north of the equator a place is, the colder its winters are likely to be, and the longer the wintry weather is likely to last. …
  • Elevation. …
  • Jet streams. …
  • Windy or calm conditions. …
  • Timing and amount of rainfall. …
  • Location of mountain ranges. …
  • Influence of water.
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Which geographical factors is more important to the climate of Ethiopia?

Importantly, Ethiopia’s climate varies with elevation (Fig. 3). Elevation is the most important determinant of the average annual temperature of the country with a reduction of 0.5–0.7 °C per 100 m increase in altitude (Liljequist, 1986).

What is the most important controlling factor of weather and climate in Ethiopia and why discuss in relation to its location?

The climate of Ethiopia is therefore mainly controlled by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and associated atmospheric circulations as well as by the complex topography of the country.

What are the 6 major factors that affect climate?

LOWERN is an acronym for 6 factors that affect climate.

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. …
  • Relief.

What are the controls of climate and weather?

Weather and climate are controlled by the heat that is passed between the atmosphere, the air, and the ocean. By absorbing heat, the ocean helps to keep the weather balanced around the world.

What are the factors affecting the climate of a place explain any five?

Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude, Altitude, relief, currents and winds and distance from the sea.

What are the 4 factors of climate?

The factors affecting the climate of a place are referred to as controls and are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents, and relief features.

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What are the 7 climate factors?

These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.

What is climate system of Ethiopia?

In Ethiopia, the climate varies mostly with altitude, and it goes from the hot and arid climate of the lowlands to the cool climate of the plateau. Lying just north of the Equator, the country experiences little variation in temperature throughout the year.

What’s the climate in Ethiopia?

Overall, Ethiopia is considered largely arid, but exhibits a high variability of precipitation Ethiopia’s climate is generally divided into three zones: 1) the alpine vegetated cool zones (Dega) with areas over 2,600 meters above sea level, where temperatures range from near freezing to 16°C; 2) the temperate Woina …