What are the physical and chemical characteristics of solid waste?
Physical Characteristics – Density, Moisture Content. Chemical Characteristics – Lipids , Carbohydrates, Proteins, Natural Fibers, Synthetic Organic Materials. Density: … Efficient operation of landfill requires compaction of wastes to optimum density.
What is characterization of solid waste?
Waste characterization means finding out how much paper, glass, food waste, etc. is discarded in your waste stream. Waste characterization information helps in planning how to reduce waste, set up recycling programs, and conserve money and resources.
What are characteristics of municipal solid waste?
The characteristics of fresh municipal solid waste (MSW) are critical in planning, designing, operating or upgrading solid waste management systems. Physical composition, moisture content, compacted unit weight, permeability are the most important MSW characteristics to be considered in planning a system.
What are the different sources and characteristics of solid waste?
Residences and homes where people live are some of the major sources of solid waste. Garbage from these places include food wastes, plastics, paper, glass, leather, cardboard, metals, yard wastes, ashes and special wastes like bulky household items like electronics, tires, batteries, old mattresses and used oil.
What is physical waste?
Physical waste. Physical construction waste is defined as waste which arises from construction, renovation and.
What are the different methods of waste characterization of municipal solid waste?
The municipal solid waste industry has four components: recycling, composting, disposal, and waste-to-energy via incineration.
What are the examples of solid waste?
Examples of solid wastes include the following materials when discarded:
- waste tires.
- scrap metal.
- latex paints.
- furniture and toys.
- appliances and vehicles.
- oil and anti-freeze.
How do you determine the physical composition of solid waste?
Physical composition is tested by taking waste sample. Chemical composition is tested by taking soil sample from dumpsite area. The soil is the end product of solid waste which is dumped before. Leachate characteristics are tested by taking leachate from the drain near the dumpsite of selected area.
What is the characteristic feature of typical Indian municipal solid waste?
In India, the MSW comprises a high biodegradable fraction of 40-60% (Gupta et al., 2015) , and also a high moisture content of 60-80% with low gross calorific value (600-700 kcal/kg), which restricts the direct landfilling of waste due to various environmental and health-related issues discussed above.