How are the sun and ocean important to the water cycle?
The water cycle is powered by heat energy from the Sun. … Approximately 70% of Earth’s surface is covered in ocean water. When water at the ocean’s surface is heated by the Sun it gains energy. With enough energy, the molecules of liquid water change into water vapor and move into the air.
What is the important of water cycle?
The water cycle is an extremely important process because it enables the availability of water for all living organisms and regulates weather patterns on our planet. If water didn’t naturally recycle itself, we would run out of clean water, which is essential to life.
How does the sun play a role in the flow of ocean currents?
When the sun heats water at the surface of the ocean, some of the water will evaporate and increase the concentration of salt in the water at the surface. … This process, combined with fresh water flowing into the ocean from river and changing the salt concentration of the water, contributes to ocean currents.
What happens when sunlight shines on the ocean?
The sun shines on the surface of oceans and lakes, exciting molecules of water. The more the sun excites the molecules, the faster they move, or evaporate. The molecules rise through the atmosphere as water vapor. … In some locations, water sublimates, or changes directly from ice to vapor.
How does the sun cause water to move from the oceans to the atmosphere?
Energy from the sun causes water on the surface to evaporate into water vapor – a gas. This invisible vapor rises into the atmosphere, where the air is colder, and condenses into clouds. Air currents move these clouds all around the earth. … That’s just one path water can take through the water cycle.
How do oceans influence weather and climate quizlet?
Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.
How do climates and the controls of climate variability vary between the tropics and the middle and high latitudes?
How do climates and the controls of climate variability vary between the tropics and the middle and high latitudes? … tropical latitudes are typically warmer than middle and high latitudes and have precipitation controlled by the Intertropical Convergence Zone.
How does ocean salinity affect climate?
The density of seawater is a function of salinity and temperature, Lagerloef explained. … Precipitation completes the cycle by altering salinity, both through rainfall over the ocean and continental river flows. Stable salt densities in the oceans keep the earth’s climate in balance, scientists believe.