1) LATITUDE – INDIA IS DIVIDED BY THE TROPIC OF CANCER IN TO THE TROPICAL NORTH AND SUBTROPICAL SOUTH. … 3) PRESSURE AND WIND SYSTEM – They depend on the latitude and altitude of a place, thus influencing the rainfall patterns. 4) DISTANCE FROM SEA – The sea has a moderating effect on the climate.
What influences the climate of India?
India is home to an extraordinary variety of climatic regions, ranging from tropical in the south to temperate and alpine in the Himalayan north, where elevated regions receive sustained winter snowfall. The nation’s climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert.
How does relief influence the climate of India?
Answer: Relief plays a major role in determining the climate of a place. High mountains act as a barriers for cold or hot winds; they may also cause precipitation if they are high enough and lie in the path of rain-bearing winds. The leeward side of mountains remains relatively dry.
What are jet streams How do they influence the climate of India?
Jet streams are the narrow belt of high altitude westerly winds in the troposphere. They blow at a fast speed of about 110km/h in summers to about 184km/h in winters. The westerly jet streams are responsible for bringing western cyclonic disturbances to north west India resulting in rainfall in winters.
How do the Himalayas influence the climate of India?
➢ The Himalayas act as a climatic divide between India and Central Asia. During winter, Himalayas protect India from cold and dry air masses of Central Asia . During monsoon months these mountain ranges act as an effective physical barrier for rain bearing south-west monsoon winds.
What are the five factors that affect the climate of India?
Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude, Altitude, relief, currents and winds and distance from the sea.
What are the factors which influence the climate of India Class 9?
Class 9 Climate: Factors Affecting the Climate of India
- Latitude. …
- Altitude. …
- Pressure and Winds. …
- Hot Weather Season (Summer) …
- Cold Weather Season (Winter) …
- Advancing Monsoon (Rainy) …
- Retreating/Post-Monsoon Season (Transition Season) …
What type of climate prevails in India?
The type of climate that prevails over India is Tropical monsoon type of climate. It is because India lies in the tropical belt and the climate is influenced by the monsoon winds which are confined to the Tropics.
What type of climate does India have?
Most of our India is a sub tropical country and that means very hot summers, humid rainy season and mild winters. In the hilly regions the summers are mild and the winters are cold. The monsoons affect most of India between June and August.
What are jet streams explain their influence on the climate of India in summer and winter?
Jet streams affect the climate of India. They help in bringing the Western Disturbances to north and north-western parts of India. Western Disturbances cause much needed winter rains over the north and north-westem parts of India and snowfall in the mountains.
How does jet stream affect climate?
How Do Jet Streams Affect Weather? The fast-moving air currents in a jet stream can transport weather systems across the United States, affecting temperature and precipitation. However, if a weather system is far away from a jet stream, it might stay in one place, causing heat waves or floods.
How does El Nino affect the climate of India?
El-Nino increases the surface temperature of the sea and affects the movement of monsoon winds in the Indian Ocean and causes weak drought-like situation in the Indian sub continent.