How does ocean circulation affect climate quizlet?

Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.

How does ocean circulation affect climate?

Ocean currents act much like a conveyor belt, transporting warm water and precipitation from the equator toward the poles and cold water from the poles back to the tropics. Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.

How does circulation affect climate?

The combination of oceanic and atmospheric circulation drives global climate by redistributing heat and moisture. Areas located near the tropics remain warm and relatively wet throughout the year. In temperate regions, variation in solar input drives seasonal changes.

What is ocean circulation quizlet?

Thermohaline circulation is a worldwide current system in which the warmer, fresher water moves along the surface while the colder, saltier water moves beneath it. … Thermohaline Circulation transports energy throughout the ocean, playing an important role in regulating temperature.

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Why is ocean circulation so important?

Ocean circulation is a key regulator of climate by storing and transporting heat, carbon, nutrients and freshwater all around the world .

How do ocean currents affect climate of coastal regions?

Warm and cold ocean currents can affect the climate of coastal regions, but only when local winds blow in from the sea. Warm currents heat the air over the ocean and bring higher temperatures over land. Cold currents can lower air temperatures and can bring colder temperatures over land.

How does ocean currents affect the climate of South Africa?

The Agulhas Current transports warm tropical Indian Ocean water southwards along the South African coast. It modulates the rainfall along the east coast and interior regions of South Africa by providing the latent heat of evaporation needed for onshore wind systems to pick up moisture and carry it inland.

How does water affect climate?

Large bodies of water, such as oceans, seas and large lakes, can affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than landmasses. Therefore, the coastal regions will stay cooler in summer and warmer in winter, thus creating a more moderate climate with a narrower temperature range.

What is the climate in the ocean ecosystem?

The climate of the marine biome is mostly varied. Since it is the largest biome in the world, the climate varies from -40 degrees fahreheit to over 100 degrees. The average temperature is 39 degrees fahrenheit, but it is warmer near the equator where the direct rays of sun can pierce the water and warm it.

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How do ocean currents and water masses differ in their impacts on marine life and coastal environment?

Rainfall: warm ocean currents bring rain to the areas adjacent to it. … Sea ice formation: Ocean currents and masses are responsible for the formation of sea ice at higher latitudes. The region of temperate climates will suffer from sea ice formation which affects coastal navigation leading to loss of economic activity.

Which statement describes the impact of ocean currents on climate quizlet?

The correct statement is – Ocean currents cause the temperature of air over large bodies of water to change.

How is circulation in the Atlantic ocean related to Europe’s climate?

The circulation system in question is known as the “Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation” (AMOC). The AMOC is like a giant conveyor belt of water. … This conveyor belt is one of the most important transporters of heat in the climate system and includes the Gulf Stream, known for keeping western Europe warm.

How is circulation in the Atlantic ocean related to Europe’s climate quizlet?

as the gulf stream and north atlantic brought immense amount of heat from the tropics to europe. … the sun’s energy unevenly heats the Earth’s surface and the air. This uneven heating results in air circulation and wind.