By virtue of its location and stupendous height, the Great Himalaya Range obstructs the passage of cold continental air from the north into India in winter and also forces the southwesterly monsoon (rain-bearing) winds to give up most of their moisture before crossing the range northward.
How do the Himalayan mountains affect the climate of India?
During winter, Himalayas protect India from cold and dry air masses of Central Asia . During monsoon months these mountain ranges act as an effective physical barrier for rain bearing south-west monsoon winds. … Monsoon Winds and Indian Climate: The most dominating factor of the Indian climate is the ‘monsoon winds’.
What is the climate like in the Himalayas?
The Himalayas experience a wide range of climate from humid subtropical in the lower regions to permanent snow and ice at higher altitudes. A wonderful time to be on holiday. The weather is consistently warm and sunny during the day and cold at night. The weather may be less consistent.
How do Himalaya affect the climate of Asia?
The Himalayas have a profound effect on the climate of the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan Plateau. They prevent frigid, dry winds from blowing south into the subcontinent, which keeps South Asia much warmer than corresponding temperate regions in the other continents.
How do Himalayas affect the climate of northern plains of India?
Due to Himalayas entire India is brought under the sway of moist laden winds for a few months. The Himalayas block the monsoon winds and confine them to the Indian subcontinent. Without monsoons, India would have been a desert. In India monsoon usually lasts from July to September.
How do Himalayas affect the climate of India Class 9?
The Himalayas play a very important role in influencing the climate of India. India is a monsoon land only because of the presence of Himalayas. It traps the monsoon winds from Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal and forces them to shed their moisture content within the Indian sub-continent in the form of snow and rain.
What is the impact of Himalayas on the climate of India Class 10?
– The climate of the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan Plateau is influenced by the Himalayas. – They block cold, dry winds from blowing south into the subcontinent, keeping South Asia significantly warmer than temperate regions on other continents.
What is the climate of the Himalayas quizlet?
The climate ranges from tropical at the base of the mountains to permanent ice and snow at the highest elevations. The amount of yearly rainfall increases from west to east along the southern front of the range. The mountain has tropical, subtropical, temperate, and alpine.
How does Himalayan mountain act as a climatic divide?
It act as a divide between Indian and Central Asia. The Himalayas act as a barrier to cold winds that blow from central Asia and thus prevent the Northern Plains from becoming freezing cold. The Himalayas act as a barrier to moisture laden South West monsoon winds.
What will happen if Himalayas are not there?
If there were no Himalayas what would happen? ▶Our country will be affected by the extremely cold winds blowing from central Asia. ▶As India a river civilization, without Himalayas and it’s rivers, there would have been no civilization in North India.
What is so special about the Himalayas?
The Himalayas are the result of tectonic plate motions that collided India into Tibet. Because of the great amount of tectonic motion still occurring at the site, the Himalayas have a proportionally high number of earthquakes and tremors. The Himalayas are one of the youngest mountain ranges on the planet.
Why is the Himalayan region colder than the northern plains?
L S Rathore, former director general of the IMD, said fog factors differ in the hills and the plains. “The rays hit the hills first and there is more scope for the fog to dissipate. So, the temperature in the hills settles down after sunrise.
What kind of climate does the northern mountains region have?
It has a cold desert climate. It is a region of barren, arid, frigid and wind-blown wastelands. Areas south of the Himalayas are largely protected from cold winter winds coming from the interior of Asia.
Had there been no Himalayas what would have been the winter climate in North India?
The Himalayas are responsible for making the entire country tropical even though only half of India lies under tropics. … Thus, had there been no Himalaya the winter climate in North India would have been very cold and dry and there were no rainfall in winter.