California has the highest numbers of native and endemic plant species of any state, with approximately 6,500 species, subspecies, and varieties of plants, representing 32 percent of all vascular plants in the United States (CDFG 2003; University of California, Berkeley 2014).
Does California have a high diversity of ecosystems?
California is one of the most geographically and ecologically diverse regions in the world, with landscapes ranging from sandy beaches to coastal redwood rainforests to snow-covered alpine mountains to dry desert valleys.
Which state has the highest ecosystem diversity?
Alabama has more biodiversity than most anywhere else.
What is a high ecosystem diversity?
An area that contains numerous ecosystems will contain a high diversity of interactions among organisms. A region with numerous interactions among organisms likely has a large number of species and high species biodiversity.
Is there a high diversity of ecosystems?
Two of the Most Diverse Ecosystems on Earth
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
How many ecosystems are in California?
There are 13 level III ecoregions and 177 level IV ecoregions in California and most continue into ecologically similar parts of adjacent States of the United States or Mexico (Bryce and others, 2003; Thorson and others, 2003; Griffith and others, 2014).
Why is California so biologically diverse?
California’s biodiversity stems from exceptional variation in landscape features, latitudinal range, geological substrates and soils, and climatic conditions, resulting in a wide range of ecosystems to support plant and animal species. … Conserving the state’s outstanding biodiversity creates many values.
Is California biodiversity?
Biodiversity (or biological diversity) refers to the variety of life from ecosystems to species to genes. California is a global biodiversity hotspot and is home to more species of plants and animals than any other state in the U.S. California’s people and economy depend on the complex ecosystems that make up our …
Which city has the highest biodiversity?
The world’s most biodiverse urban area, in raw numbers and with an understanding for its value, could be Cape Town, according to Thomas Elmqvist, editor of Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities and leader of the United Nation’s City and Biodiversity Outlook Project.
Which state has the most species of mammals?
Wyoming has remained wilder than most other U.S. states. Its sagebrush plains, marshy wetlands, rocky foothills and alpine peaks are home to a wide array of bird and animal life, including several large mammal species long since driven out of most of the rest of the United States.
What is the most diverse ecosystem?
Forests are the most diverse ecosystems on land, because they hold the vast majority of the world’s terrestrial species. Some rain forests are among the oldest ecosystems on Earth.
How can you tell if an ecosystem has high biodiversity?
When an ecosystem has high biodiversity it is always more stable than an ecosystem that has low biodiversity. … Low biodiversity is when there are a few prominent species and a low number of other species within the habitat. High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.
Which ecosystem is richest in biodiversity?
Amazonia represents the quintessence of biodiversity – the richest ecosystem on earth. Yet a study by Smithsonian scientists, published this week in the journal Science, shows that differences in species composition of tropical forests are greater over distance in Panama than in Amazonia.