Forest ecosystem consists of organisms (plants, animals and micro-organisms) and their habitats (the soil and air). The functioning of forest ecosystems is characterized by energy and nutrient flow and cycling, biomass production and the decomposition of dead organic matter.
What are the functions of a forest ecosystem?
The benefits provided by forest ecosystems include:
- goods such as timber, food, fuel and bioproducts.
- ecological functions such as carbon storage, nutrient cycling, water and air purification, and maintenance of wildlife habitat.
- social and cultural benefits such as recreation, traditional resource uses and spirituality.
What are structural features of forest ecosystem?
The two main structural features of a forest ecosystem are:
- Species composition: It refers to the identification and enumeration of the plant and animal species of a forest ecosystem.
- Stratification: It refers to the vertical distribution of different species which occupy different levels in the forest ecosystem.
What is the structure and function of ecosystem?
The structure of the ecosystem includes the organisms and physical features of the environment, including the amount and distribution of nutrients in a particular habitat. It also provides information regarding the climatic conditions of that area.
What is the structure of a forest?
Forest structure is the horizontal and vertical distribution of layers in a forest including the trees, shrubs, and ground cover (which includes vegetation and dead and down woody material). Structure looks at the proportion of small, medium, and large trees and is usually reported as trees per acre by diameter class.
What are the three main functions of forest?
The main functions of forests are protective, regulative and productive.
What are three functions of a forest?
List three functions of a forest.
Terms in this set (5)
- Preventing soil erosion.
- Helping prevent flooding and drought.
- Keeping streams clear and pure.
- Producing oxygen and removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
- Increasing the ability of land to hold water.
- Regulating the weather as windbreaks.
- Protecting small plants.
What is structure of ecosystem?
Ecosystem structure is a network of interactions between abiotic and biotic components of the system. The biotic structure of the ecosystem is characterized by the composition of the biological community including species numbers, biomass, life-form, life-history and spatial distribution of species.
What is ecosystem forest ecosystem?
A forest ecosystem is a natural woodland unit consisting of all plants, animals, and micro-organisms (Biotic components) in that area functioning together with all of the non-living physical (abiotic) factors of the environment.
What are the 3 major functions of an ecosystem?
According to Pacala & Kinzig 2002, there are three classes of ecosystem functions: Stocks of energy and materials (for example, biomass, genes), Fluxes of energy or material processing (for example, productivity, decomposition Stability of rates or stocks over time (for example, resilience, predictability).
What are the functions of ecosystem Class 10?
So, we can say that the functions of the ecosystem are:
- Ecosystem maintains balance among Producers, Consumers and Decomposers.
- It provides an environment for producers to trap sun’s energy and provide food.
- It is responsible for the cycling of nutrients between biotic and abiotic components.
What are the 3 types of forest ecosystem?
There are three general types of forest that exist: temperate, tropical, and boreal.