Children are more vulnerable than adults to environmental risks: Children are constantly growing. They breathe more air, consume more food, and drink more water than adults do, in proportion to their weight; Children’s systems are still developing.
Why are children more vulnerable to environmental pollutants?
Due to their size, physiology, and behavior, children are more vulnerable than adults to environmental hazards. … Children under age 5 breathe more air, drink more water, and eat more food per unit of body weight than adults do, so they may experience higher rates of exposure to pathogens and pollutants.
Why children can be more exposed to environmental agents than adults?
Children may be more vulnerable to environmental exposures than adults because: Their bodily systems are still developing. They eat more, drink more, and breathe more in proportion to their body size. Their behavior can expose them more to chemicals and organisms.
What are 2 environmental factors that can cause disease?
Environmental factors influencing the spread of communicable diseases. Water, sanitation, food and air quality are vital elements in the transmission of communicable diseases and in the spread of diseases prone to cause epidemics.
What are some environmental factors that can affect the health of infants?
The environment includes air, water, surfaces, and items with which infants and toddlers come in contact. Substances and factors that can impact the health and well- being of infants and toddlers include, but are not limited to: Dust, dirt, and irritants. Fragrances and airborne particles.
How does a child’s environment affect them?
A child’s early home environment has long-term effects on development. The home environment can even affect a child’s brain development. … For example, children who grow up poor are more likely than other children to drop out of high school. Poverty, then, is a risk factor for high school dropout.
What 4 environmental risks affect children?
Children are particularly vulnerable to certain environmental risks, including: air pollution; inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene; hazardous chemicals and waste, radiation; climate change; as well as emerging threats like e-waste.
Why are children more vulnerable to toxicants?
In some instances, infants are at lower risk than adults because they cannot convert chemicals to their toxic forms. More commonly, however, children are more vulnerable because they lack the enzymes needed to break down and remove toxic chemicals from the body.
What is a safe environment for a child?
In addition to providing a home free from neglect and abuse, it is important to keep children away from household dangers. These include open windows, electrical cords and outlets, hot surfaces, toxic substances, weapons and sharp objects.
What are the 5 environmental factors?
Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites.
What are the different environmental factors?
The 8 Environmental Factors That Can Impact Your Health
- Chemical Safety. …
- Air Pollution. …
- Climate Change and Natural Disasters. …
- Diseases Caused by Microbes. …
- Lack of Access to Health Care. …
- Infrastructure Issues. …
- Poor Water Quality. …
- Global Environmental Issues.