What is the current status of biodiversity in India?

India is the world’s 8th most biodiverse region with a 0.46 BioD score on diversity index, 102,718 species of fauna and 23.39% of the nation’s geographical area under forest and tree cover in 2020.

What is the current status of biodiversity?

As much as 42 per cent of terrestrial animal and plant species have vanished in the last decade. Another sector that is under threat is freshwater ecosystem. The co-chair says human activities, including land use, natural resource extraction and pollution, are major reasons for this decline, apart from climate change.

What percentage of biodiversity is India?

India, a megadiverse country with only 2.4% of the world’s land area, accounts for 7-8% of all recorded species, including over 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in India in 2021?

Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.

What is value of biodiversity in current era?

The role of biodiversity in providing ecosystem services is twofold. Firstly, biodiversity is directly used as a source for food, fibre, fuel and other extractable resources. Secondly, biodiversity plays an important role in ecosystem processes providing the regulating, cultural and supporting services.

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  You asked: How can environmental wellness be improved?

Is biodiversity currently increasing or decreasing?

Biodiversity, or the variety of all living things on our planet, has been declining at an alarming rate in recent years, mainly due to human activities, such as land use changes, pollution and climate change.

Is our biodiversity now threatened?

The Report finds that around 1 million animal and plant species are now threatened with extinction, many within decades, more than ever before in human history. The average abundance of native species in most major land-based habitats has fallen by at least 20%, mostly since 1900.

What is the rank of India in biodiversity?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

Which state in India has maximum biodiversity?

The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.

How many biodiversity are there in India?

Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

How many biodiversity hotspots are present in India?

Q.

India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

What is the latest biodiversity hotspot to be designated?

ANNOUNCING THE WORLD’S 36TH BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOT: THE NORTH AMERICAN COASTAL PLAIN. The North American Coastal Plain (NACP) – was recognized only recently as meeting the criteria for a global biodiversity hotspot: more than 1,500 endemic vascular plants and greater than 70 percent habitat loss.

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  Quick Answer: Do parasites serve any ecological benefit?

WHO declares biodiversity hotspot?

The term ‘biodiversity hotspot’ was coined by Norman Myers (1988). He recognized 10 tropical forests as “hotspots” on the basis of extraordinary level of plant endemism and high level of habitat loss, without any quantitative criteria for the designation of “hotspot” status.