Environmental microbiology also includes the study of microorganisms that exist in artificial environments such as bioreactors. Molecular biology has revolutionized the study of microorganisms in the environment and improved our understanding of the composition, phylogeny, and physiology of microbial communities.
What are the importance of studying microbiology in environmental science?
Because environmental microbes can affect so many aspects of life, and are easily transported between environments, the field of environmental microbiology interfaces with a number of different subspecialties, including soil, aquatic, and aeromicrobiology, as well as bioremediation, water quality, occupational health …
What is environmental microbiology?
Environmental microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms in the environment. This discipline includes air microbiology, soil microbiology and water microbiology.
How is environmental microbiology used?
For example, an environmental microbiologist may study the use of microbes to clean up oil spills or other contaminated areas or use organisms that thrive in certain elements to create medicines, topical sunscreens and water purification solutions.
What is the importance of microbiology?
Microbiology helps us to identify the microorganisms that exist in food. With a better understanding of these microorganisms, help the biologists to find out the ways for preventing the food from spoilage and make food safe. Scientists use good bacteria against pathogenic bacteria to prevent food contamination.
What is the importance of microbiology in environmental engineering?
Bacteria have the capacity to degrade the organic substances (pollutants) and this is the reason why they are the most important group of organisms in terms of the public health engineering, since biological waste water treatment processes are based on their activities.
What is environment and environmental pollution?
Environmental pollution is defined as “the contamination of the physical and biological components of the earth/atmosphere system to such an extent that normal environmental processes are adversely affected.
What is the importance of microbiology to man?
Microbiology has proved to be one of the most important disciplines in biology, making it possible to identify how some of these organisms cause diseases, discover cures for such diseases and even use some microbes for industrial purposes etc.
Is microbiology important in everyday life?
A fundamental understanding of how a cell works has come through the study of microorganisms. But microbiology also is an applied science, helping agriculture, health and medicine and maintenance of the environment, as well as the biotechnology industry. … Microorganisms are extremely important in our everyday lives.
What is the importance of microbiology in public health?
Strong capacity of public health microbiology laboratory systems is crucial in providing timely and reliable information on pathogen detection and characterization needed for effective infectious diseases prevention and control, especially in response to epidemic threats.