Why do the polar regions experience?
But even during the polar day, the period of continuous sunlight, only a relatively small amount of solar energy reaches the Arctic or Antarctic regions due to the low angle of incoming rays. These two phenomena thus form the basis for sustained cold conditions in the northern and southern polar.
What are two reasons given to explain why the Poles are colder on average than the rest of the planet?
Both polar regions of the earth are cold, primarily because they receive far less solar radiation than the tropics and mid-latitudes do. At either pole the sun never rises more than 23.5 degrees above the horizon and both locations experience six months of continuous darkness.
What climate zone is between the polar zones and the tropics?
The climate zone known as temperate is located between the equator and the North and South poles. The average temperature of the coldest months in the temperate zone is lower than that of the tropical zones, while the average temperature of the warmest months in the temperate zone is higher than that of the polar zone.
Where is a polar climate zone most likely located?
Polar climates have year-round cold temperatures with the warmest month less than 50°F (10°C). Polar climates are found on the northern coastal areas of North America, Europe, Asia, and on the land masses of Greenland and Antarctica.
Why do Earth’s polar regions have cold dry climates?
But even during the polar day, the period of continuous sunlight, only a relatively small amount of solar energy reaches the Arctic or Antarctic regions due to the low angle of incoming rays. These two phenomena thus form the basis for sustained cold conditions in the northern and southern polar regions.
What’s colder Arctic or Antarctic?
The main reason that Antarctica is colder than the Arctic is that Antarctica is a landmass surrounded by ocean, and the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by landmasses. Antarctica also has a much higher average elevation than the Arctic, and the Antarctic Ice Sheet is bigger and thicker than the ice in the Arctic.
What are conditions like in the Arctic during the winter?
The average Arctic winter temperature is -30° F (-34°C), while the average Arctic summer temperature is 37-54° F (3-12° C). In general, Arctic winters are long and cold while summers are short and cool.