What percentage of biodiversity is India?

India is one of 17 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. With only 2.4 percent of the earth’s land area, it accounts for 7-8 percent of the world’s recorded species.

Does India contain 6% of the world’s biodiversity?

India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).

What is the rank of India in biodiversity?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

Is India rich in biodiversity?

India has tremendous biodiversity, genetic as well as of species and ecosystems. It contains over 7 per cent of the world’s biodiversity on 2.5 per cent of the Earth’s surface. … These include over 17,500 flowering plants of which 4,950 species are endemic to the country.

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  What happens to our recycling Ontario?

How many biodiversity are there in India?

Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

What percentage of the total 5% biodiversity of the earth is found in India?

India is one of 17 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. With only 2.4 percent of the earth’s land area, it accounts for 7-8 percent of the world’s recorded species.

Which country hosts more than 5% of the world’s biodiversity?

#1: Brazil

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

Which state in India has least biodiversity?

The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.

Why India is known as mega diversity country?

India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk. … To be a mega diverse country it needs to have 5000 vascular plants species as endemic to the country.

Why India is considered as one of the richest biodiversity in the world?

Note: India has the richest biodiversity and its 23.39%. The area is covered with forest and trees. It hosts more than 2,00,000 species that are confined to a particular region. India has four hotspots and each of them hosts more than a hundred endangered species.

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  What are the different environmental approaches?

How much percent of Indian plants are endemic to the country?

Thus, about 33% is the approximate percentage of endemic flowering plants in India.