The coastal Caribbean region is a large marine ecosystem (LME) characterized by coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrasses, but including other environments, such as sandy beaches and rocky shores.
What type of ecosystems are in the Caribbean islands?
It is organized around five ecosystem types: open- ocean, coasts, coral reefs, mangrove forests and tropical forests.
What is the underwater ecosystem common in the Caribbean Sea?
As one of the most biologically rich marine environments in the Atlantic, the Caribbean is home to 10% of the world’s coral reefs, 1,400 species of fish and marine mammals, and extensive coastal mangroves.
What is the Caribbean biome?
The tropic islands of Caribbean lie between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. … Tropical moist forest and tropical dry forest are dominant biomes in the Greater Antilles31.
Why is the Caribbean a biodiversity hotspot?
The Caribbean is a biodiversity hotspot. It has over 11,000 plant species, about 72 of which are found only in this region. … The world benefits from this biodiversity, so when these species are exploited for commercial use – for example in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals – source countries need to be compensated.
How many animal species are in the Caribbean?
Historically, the Caribbean Islands Hotspot supported 127 terrestrial mammal species, of which 23 are now considered extinct. Today, 25% of the 104 mammal species occurring in the hotspot are globally threatened. The family Capromyidae is the most diverse, with 10 living species, seven of which are found in Cuba.
What are the different ecosystem services?
Four Types of Ecosystem Services
- Provisioning Services. When people are asked to identify a service provided by nature, most think of food. Fruits, vegetables, trees, fish, and livestock are available to us as direct products of ecosystems. …
- Regulating Services. …
- Cultural Services. …
- Supporting Services.
What organisms live in the Caribbean Sea?
Other commonly found inhabitants within the Caribbean Sea include a variety of conch and other molluscs, Green Sea, and Loggerhead sea turtles, a variety of lobsters and eels, black tip, hammerhead and leopard sharks, various species of jelly fish and sting rays, and many different species of whales, both baleen and …
Why is the Caribbean sea blue?
The Caribbean is such a light a shade of blue due to the tendency of the Caribbean coast to scatter sunlight. The fact that the sand is light colored and the water is relatively shallow also makes the water appear turquoise.
What is in a freshwater ecosystem?
Freshwater is a precious resource on the Earth’s surface. It is also home to many diverse fish, plant, and crustacean species. The habitats that freshwater ecosystems provide consist of lakes, rivers, ponds, wetlands, streams, and springs.
What is the Caribbean Sea known for?
The Caribbean Sea is home to the second-largest barrier reef in the world, the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef, and the largest reef system in the Northern Hemisphere. It runs 620 miles along the coasts of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras.
What is Caribbean Ocean?
The Caribbean Sea is a body of water adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean, southeast of the Gulf of Mexico. … On the eastern side of the region’s perimeter is the Insular Caribbean: islands of the Greater and Lesser Antilles and the chain of islands in the Bahamas to the north.
Is the Caribbean tropical or subtropical?
Introduction. The climate in the Caribbean is tropical and therefore year-round warm to hot, with one or two distinct wet seasons per year. Note that, in the islands and in Belize, the wet season generally coincides with the Atlantic hurricane season, officially running from June 1st till November 30th of each year.