The epipelagic zone extends from the surface to 200m down. It receives plenty of sunlight and therefore contains the most biodiversity in the ocean.
Where is marine biodiversity highest?
A new study finds that sea surface temperature, as well as the size and variety of habitats are the main factors responsible for the proliferation of marine life in the Coral Triangle – the most biologically diverse marine region in the world.
Where is biodiversity the highest at?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Is the ocean high biodiversity?
In its simplest form, biodiversity or biological diversity is therefore ‘Life on Earth’ and includes marine biodiversity ‘Life in the Seas and Oceans. ` The marine environment has a very high biodiversity because 32 out of the 33 described animal phyla are represented in there.
What is high biodiversity?
High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.
Which ocean zone has the least biodiversity?
The arctic regions of the world have the least biodiversity because plants don’t survive in the extreme cold and ice that cover these regions year-round.
Which of the following has highest biodiversity?
Brazil is the only country with highest biodiversity. Biodiversity accounts one-tenth of the world’s overall species.
Which state has the highest biodiversity?
Four states in particular stand out as having exceptional levels of biodiversity as measured by these four factors: California, Hawaii, Texas, and Alabama. California California is a remarkable state biologically, ranking highly in each of these categories.
What is the level of biodiversity in the ocean?
The world’s oceans contain somewhere between 500,000 and 10 million marine species. bacteria, other microbes and viruses. Much of the biodiversity in the ocean, particularly in the deep sea and in the microbial ocean, is unknown, and up to 2,000 new species are described per year.
What ecosystem has a high biodiversity?
Example of ecosystem with high biodiversity is tropical rain forest as seen in Amazon basin of south America. Such forests are also thriving in parts of central Africa and also in islands of Indonesia. In marine environment, coral reefs are example of high biodiversity aquatic ecosystems.
What causes high levels of biodiversity?
Ecosystems that host the most biodiversity tend to have ideal environmental conditions for plant growth, like the warm and wet climate of tropical regions. Ecosystems can also contain species too small to see with the naked eye.