Nepal is rich in term of biodiversity. There are high mountains, high hills and plain land of Terai regions where different species of plants and animals are found. And it is rich in physical diversity also.
Which region of Nepal is richest in biodiversity Why?
Hill region is very rich in biodiversity. Forests of uttis, katus and chilaune are found here. Due to the altitude and topography, different types of plants like sal, simal, peepal, salla, bamboo, etc. are found here.
What is the position of Nepal in the richness of biodiversity?
Nepal ranked 25th and 11th positions in terms of richness in biodiversity in the world and Asia, respectively. The country is also home to as many as 118 ecosystems and 35 forest types. They are based on altitudinal, climatic, and vegetation types.
Why Mountain region is rich in biodiversity?
Biodiversity is high in mountain regions because of their wide range of habitats, varied micro-climates, and ecological conditions. These factors have resulted in a high degree of genetic diversity in terms of crop and livestock species and their wild relatives.
Which region in Nepal is most affected from deforestation?
Deforestation is one of the major environmental issues in Nepal. Deforestation pressures occur throughout Nepal but are most strongly felt in many parts of Tarai and Churia.
Which geographical region of Nepal is known as ecotone?
The timberline is often regarded as the ecotone or ecosystem interface between montane and alpine communities.
Which of the following has highest biodiversity?
Brazil is the only country with highest biodiversity. Biodiversity accounts one-tenth of the world’s overall species.
Which of the following region is more rich in species?
Tropical rainforests are the richest habitat of all, tropical grasslands exhibit more diversity than temperate grasslands, and deserts in tropical or subtropical regions are populated by a wider range of species than are temperate deserts.
Which region of Nepal is more affected by modernization?
Terai region of Nepal is more affected by modernization.
Is rich in biodiversity?
Answer : Option (A) is correct because biodiversity is richer in tropical regions. Tropical forest ecosystems cover less than 10 percent of earth’s surface, and contain about 90% of the world’s species.
Which species diversity is more in Nepal?
Species diversity, particularly beta diversity, is very high in Nepal. The country occupies about 0.1 percent of global area, but harbors 3.2 percent and 1.1 percent of the world’s known flora and fauna, respectively. Diversity of birds, bryophytes, mammals, and butterflies is especially high.
How many ecological regions are there in Nepal?
Topographically, Nepal is divided into three distinct ecological regions. These are the Mountains, Hills, and Terai (or plains).
How much area of Nepal does the Himalayan region occupy?
The Himalaya and its foothills make up the northern border of the country and represent 16% of the total land area. This is the least inhabited region of Nepal, with less than 8% of the population living there.
Which ecosystem is not found in Nepal?
Desert ecosystem is not found in Nepal.
Which mountain range has the greatest biodiversity?
Borregaard. “But the most species-rich mountain region in the world, the Northern Andes, captures, for example, roughly half of the world’s climate types in a relatively small region—much more than is captured in nearby Amazon, a region that is more than 12 times larger.”