The northern part of the Andes is rainy and warm. The southern part is rainy and cold and the central part is very dry. The mountains have a large influence on the climate in the surrounding areas; especially in the interior where the Andes borders the rainforest.
How are climate zones in the Andes mountains?
Vertical climatic zones are particularly well-defined in the Andes, ranging from humid to warm (tierra caliente) at the base or foothills; temperate and semi-humid (tierra templada) at mid-level; cool and dry (tierra fría) in the highlands; and cold to freezing (tierra helada) in the glacial summit areas.
What are the main reasons for the difference in climates?
Essentially, there arc two main reasons that climate varies from place to place; first, the amount of energy arriving from the sun, and second the circulation of the atmosphere and oceans which carry heat and moisture from one placc to another.
How the Andes differ in different areas?
The climate in the Andes differs depending on which area, the altitude, and how close it is to the sea. The southern section is rainy and cool. The central Andes are dry. The northern Andes are normally rainy and warm, with an average temperature of 18 °C (64 °F) in Colombia.
Why are there so many different climates in South America?
This variety of climate and vegetation is due to several factors. First, Latin America spans a great distance on each side of the equator. Second, there are big changes in elevation because of the massive mountains in the region.
Why does the range of climate vary in Andes Mountain?
These temperatures are mainly from biomes around and in the Andes Mountains. The precipitation of the Andes Mountain climate changes but not drastically between two places. In Colombia there is a lot of rainfall all year round. In Ecuador there is the desert climate without much rainfall.
What are the climates of the Andes?
The climate of the Andes is very diverse climate. … The northern part of the Andes is rainy and warm. The southern part is rainy and cold and the central part is very dry. The mountains have a large influence on the climate in the surrounding areas; especially in the interior where the Andes borders the rainforest.
Why do different areas have different climates from influences of weather and climate?
Climate is what the weather is normally like in your city. For example, Houston has a humid climate, and Seattle has a wet climate. Many factors, such as elevation, ocean currents, distance from the sea, and prevailing winds, can affect the climate of an area.
What is the basic difference between weather and climate?
Whereas weather refers to short-term changes in the atmosphere, climate describes what the weather is like over a long period of time in a specific area. Different regions can have different climates.
Why do different regions have different climate class 7?
Different parts of earth receive different amount of sunlight so different regions of earth have different climate. For example – equator receives perpendicular sun rays so the climate is hot and humid on equator.
What is the difference between the climates to the east and west of the Andes?
The prominent Andes cordillera induces significant differences in climates between its eastern and western slopes. These climatic differences are largely reflected by contrasting vegetation and ice coverages but remain poorly documented.
How do the Andes affect the climate of South America?
The Andes have a direct mechanical influence on the climatology of South America by forcing orographic precipitation along the eastern flanks of the Andes, and blocking westerly flow from the Pacific. … The Andes also influence convection over the Amazon basin.
How has climate change affected the tropical Andes?
Climate change has differentiated impacts on tropical Andean species, causing many of them to move uphill, increasing the spread of invasive species and infectious diseases and accelerating local extinction risk.