Area increases diversity because a larger plot is likely to have more habitats, hence niches, to support a greater variety of species. In addition, many species require a large range for adequate prey or seed forage.
Why are some areas more biodiverse than others?
Unique Climates and Conditions
One of the most significant and naturally occurring causes of differences in biodiversity across the world is differences in climate. … On the other extreme, moist, tropical zones like the Amazon rainforest support some of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world.
Why is a habitat with high biodiversity more stable?
Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.
What makes an ecosystem with high biodiversity?
Low biodiversity is when there are a few prominent species and a low number of other species within the habitat. High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.
What habitat has the greatest biodiversity and why?
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
What supports high biodiversity?
Wetlands have been called “biological super systems” because they produce great volumes of food that support a remarkable level of biodiversity. In terms of number and variety of species supported, they are as rich as rainforests and coral reefs.
Why is high biodiversity advantageous over low biodiversity?
The higher the biodiversity of an ecosystem, the more sustainable it is. Conversely, lower biodiversity equals less sustainability. The biodiversity of an ecosystem contributes to the sustainability of that ecosystem. Higher/more biodiversity = more sustainable.
Why are more diverse communities more stable?
Diverse communities could maintain consistently high function because the species driving function change over time (functional turnover) or because they are more likely to contain key species with temporally stable functioning.
Which ecosystem has high biodiversity low biodiversity?
Estuarine areas (where rivers meet seas and oceans) have high biodiversity compared to other areas. Trophical rainforests are rich in terms of biodiversity. Arid and semiarid areas have low biodiversity. Deserts, for example, contain limited numbers of species.
How does biodiversity contribute to climate stability?
This research showed that diverse communities are more stable because they exhibit resistance during extreme climate events.” … Combining results across the 46 study sites, the researchers found that the higher the plant biodiversity, the lower the variability in productivity during wet or dry climate events.
Do some habitats support more biodiversity than others?
The size of a habitat is another factor in the great diversity of the rainforest. Area increases diversity because a larger plot is likely to have more habitats, hence niches, to support a greater variety of species. In addition, many species require a large range for adequate prey or seed forage.
What does higher biodiversity mean?
Biodiversity refers to the variety of life. When biodiversity is high, it means there are many different types of organisms and species. … And every organism plays a unique role and contributes to how coral reef communities survive and function.
How does increased biodiversity increase the stability of a community?
Increasing species diversity can influence ecosystem functions — such as productivity — by increasing the likelihood that species will use complementary resources and can also increase the likelihood that a particularly productive or efficient species is present in the community.