What is environmental sanitation According to who?
Water and sanitation has always been an important part of WHO activities. … Environmental sanitation was defined as: the control of all those factors in man’s physical environment which exercise or may exercise a deleterious effect on his physical, mental or social well-being.
How does WHO define environmental health?
Definitions. Environmental health was defined in a 1989 document by the World Health Organization (WHO) as: Those aspects of the human health and disease that are determined by factors in the environment. … It is targeted towards preventing disease and creating health-supportive environments.
What is the difference between sanitation and environmental sanitation?
‘Sanitation’ and ‘waste management’ both refer to the appropriate management of waste to protect people and the environment. Sanitation generally focuses on liquid waste and waste management on solid waste. Liquid waste includes all types of wastewater and includes human excreta.
What are the components of environmental sanitation?
The subsquent chapters describe in detail the seven’ components of sanitation, namely, handling of drinking water, disposal of human excreta, disposal of waste water, dispos- al of garbage and cattle dung,home sanitation and food hygiene, personal hygiene, and village sanitation.
How is sanitation defined?
Definition of sanitation
1 : the act or process of making sanitary. 2 : the promotion of hygiene and prevention of disease by maintenance of sanitary conditions (as by removal of sewage and trash) —often used attributively a sanitation trucksanitation workers.
What is the purpose of environmental sanitation?
Proper sanitation promotes health, improves the quality of the environment and thus, the quality of life in a community. Sanitation refers to the safe collection, transportation, treatment and disposal of human wastes.
What is environmental health and sanitation?
Environmental sanitation: the control of environmental factors that form links in disease transmission. This category includes solid waste management, water and wastewater treatment, industrial waste treatment and noise and pollution control.
Which government department is responsible for environmental deterioration?
The departments executing the above mandate are the national Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (being the key department); Department of Water Affairs and Forestry; Department of Minerals and Energy; all the provincial departments responsible for the environment; including all the municipalities.
What are the 5 environmental factors?
Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites.
What is environmental sanitation?
The World Health organization (WHO) defines environmental sanitation as “the control of all those factors in man′s physical environment, which exercise or may exercise a deleterious effect on his physical development, health and survival.”[
How can we promote environmental sanitation?
Improving sanitation, in a nutshell: First, provide more support to local level sanitation plans and strategies. Second, do more work on faecal sludge monitoring and management. Third, communicate the benefits of investing in sanitation to communities.
How will you describe the environment with poor environmental sanitation?
Poor sanitation and waste management create conditions that may encourage flies and other disease vectors. … Environmental impacts of poor sanitation and waste management at a local level include pollution of land and watercourses, the visual impact of litter, and bad odours.