Industrial agriculture places consistency and productivity over biodiversity, but preserving the immense variety of life on earth is vital to the health of our planet and helps us safeguard our own food supply.
How does agriculture help biodiversity?
Biodiversity is the basis of agriculture and our food systems. … Agricultural biodiversity also performs ecosystem services such as soil and water conservation, maintenance of soil fertility, conservation of biota and pollination of plants, all of which are essential for food production and for human survival.
Does farming increase biodiversity?
Farmers can maintain or increase biodiversity in agricultural landscapes by planting their crops in smaller fields. For example, instead of planting two large fields, they could plant eight small fields, keeping the same total amount of land in production.
Does agriculture lower biodiversity?
The way that farmers grow crops and raise animals can be either good or bad for biodiversity. On one hand, farmers can support biodiversity through careful farming methods. On the other hand, if farmers are not careful, the environment and organisms on and near the farm can be harmed.
Why does agriculture reduce biodiversity?
Farming practices such as overexploitation of natural resources, overharvesting (crops and fish), and overuse of artificial fertilisers, pesticides and insecticides put more immediate pressure on land-use and water supplies, leading to higher levels of pollution and the loss of those natural ecosystem services that …
How does agriculture destroy biodiversity?
Agriculture is the largest contributor to biodiversity loss with expanding impacts due to changing consumption patterns and growing populations. Agriculture destroys biodiversity by converting natural habitats to intensely managed systems and by releasing pollutants, including greenhouses gases.
How does agriculture affect an ecosystem?
Agriculture can contribute to ecosystem services, but can also be a source of disservices, including loss of biodiversity, agrochemical contamination and sedimentation of waterways, pesticide poisoning of non-target organisms, and emissions of greenhouse gases and pollutants (Dale & Polasky 2007; Zhang et al. 2007).
How does agriculture affect the hydrosphere?
Agricultural practices may also have negative impacts on water quality. Improper agricultural methods may elevate concentrations of nutrients, fecal coliforms, and sediment loads. Increased nutrient loading from animal waste can lead to eutrophication of water bodies which may eventually damage aquatic ecosystems.
Why biodiversity is important to sustainability in farming?
Conservation and maintenance of biodiversity are important for four reasons. … Economics: Biodiversity provides us with great economic returns, for example the provision of food and fibre, medicines, control of pest organisms, building materials and crop pollination.