The diverse forest types include deciduous Sal, wet hill forests, dense Oak forests, extensive conifer forests and unique Rhododendron thickets giving way to rolling alpine meadows. Ecosystems range from humid tropical valleys to temperate montane habitat, alpine meadows and trans-himalayan cold desert.
What is the environment of Sikkim?
Sikkim is bestowed with majestic mountains, beautiful hills and valleys, crystal clear water falls, springs and lakes, rivers and streams, steep and undulating terrains, snow clad mountains, low lying land ranging from altitude of 310 m (Jorethang) to 8586m (Mount Khangchendzonga) from MSL.
What are the different eco regions found in Sikkim?
Sikkim and its predominant ecoregions
- Tropical ecoregion (300 m–1,200 m) …
- Sub-tropical ecoregion (1,800 m–3,000 m) …
- Temperate ecoregion (3,000 m–4,000 m) …
- Alpine forests and scrubland (3,500 m–4,500 m) …
- Trans-himalayan ecoregion (4,500 m–>5,500 m)
What is the biodiversity of Sikkim?
Species wise, the State harbors over 4500 flowering plants, 550 Orchids, 36 Rhododendrons, 16 Conifers, 28 Bamboos, 362 Ferns and its allies, 9 Tree Ferns, 30 Primulas, 11 Oaks, over 424 Medicinal plants, 144+ mammals, 550 Birds, 48 Fishes and over 600 Butterflies.
What is the vegetation of Sikkim?
Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants.
What do you mean by the environment?
Environment means anything that surround us. It can be living (biotic) or non-living (abiotic) things. It includes physical, chemical and other natural forces. … In the environment there are different interactions between animals, plants, soil, water, and other living and non-living things.
What is the agriculture of Sikkim?
AGRICULTURE IN SIKKIM
|Crop||Production (000′ tones)|
What is importance biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What is culture of Sikkim?
Communities, Cultures, Religions and Customs of different hues intermingle freely here in Sikkim to constitute a homogeneous blend. The predominant communities are the LEPCHAS, BHUTIAS and NEPALESE. In urban areas, many plainsmen have also settled and they are almost engaged in business and Government service.
What are the major natural resources found in Sikkim?
Several minerals are found in the state, among them, coal, copper, limestone and graphite are the most important. Dolomite, garnet, talc and magnetic are less important. Copper: The ores of copper are widespread in Sikkim and are in the Daling beds.
Why Sikkim is called biodiversity hotspot?
Answer: Sikkim is considered as the biodiversity hotspot because there are 5500 flowering plants in Sikkim species only found within this 7096 kilometre square geographical area (Hajra and Verma 1996…….. common medicinal plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim in Himalaya.
What is being done in Sikkim to preserve biodiversity?
“The SBFP is a project to strengthen the biodiversity conservation activities and the forest management capacity, and to improve livelihood for the local people who are dependent on forests by promoting sustainable biodiversity conservation, afforestation and income generation activities including eco-tourism for the …
How is biodiversity being affected in Sikkim?
Sikkim is no exception and continues to still show up new or rarely-seen species. … Global warming is causing a shift in the location of species in the Himalayas. Researchers in Sikkim reported sighting the ‘small woodbrown butterfly’ in Khanchendzonga National Park, last seen 120 years ago.