India is said to be one of the major bio-diverse countries in world because of the large number of flora and fauna species found in the country. EXPLANATION: A country is said to be a bio-diverse country when a “large number of flora and fauna species” are found there.
Is India a biodiversity country?
India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).
How can we say that India is one of the major biodiversity of the world?
India is one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world. It has about 47,000 plant species. It stands at the tenth place in the world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. It has 89,000 species of animals as well as a rich variety of fish.
Why is India a biodiversity nation?
India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. … This assemblage of three distinct realms makes the country rich and unique in biological diversity. The country is also one of the 12 primary centres of origin of cultivated plants and domesticated animals.
How is India biodiversity?
India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.
What is biodiversity explain the biodiversity in India?
Biodiversity is the variety and differences among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part. … The Thar desert and the Himalayas are two regions rich in biodiversity in India.
What is biodiversity write a note on biodiversity in India?
India shows a great diversity in climate, topography and geology hence very rich in biodiversity. The Ministry of Environment and Forests Govt. of India (2000) records 47,000 species of plants and 81000 species of animals. This is about 7% and 6.5% respectively of global flora and fauna.
What is the status of India’s biodiversity in comparison with the world?
India is one of the world’s ‘mega diversity’ countries. It is ranked ninth in the world in terms of higher plant species richness. At the ecosystem level, India is also well-endowed, with ten distinct biogeographic zones.
Why India called mega diversity country?
Mega means large so mega diversity means a large number and wide range of species present in an ecosystem. As India is very rich in the diversity of plants and animals, so it is called as mega diversity centre .
How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world?
India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.
How can you say that India is a mega diversity nation?
Two areas in India have been identified as megadiversity hot spot areas, which are western ghat forests and eastern Himalayan forests, but India as a whole country as megadiversity nation. Miller Meier says, ‘India is remarkable in both species richness and endemism although it ranks 10th position.
What do you know about biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is biodiversity Why is India called a land of rich biodiversity?
It has 89,000 species of animals as well as a rich variety of fish. It has about 15,000 flowering plants and ferns. India is blessed with different types of soils, climatic conditions and physical features and thus, it is suitable for supporting different species of flora and fauna making it a biodiversity hot spot.