India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.
What is biodiversity explain the biodiversity in India?
Biodiversity is the variety and differences among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part. … The Thar desert and the Himalayas are two regions rich in biodiversity in India.
How does biodiversity vary in India?
Because of its vast size and location, India has a varied bio-diversity. Ranging from flora and fauna that thrive in the tropics, it has those which survive in sub-zero temperatures, in the northern regions. The Biological Diversity Act of 2002 was passed by the Indian Parliament.
Why does India have a lot of biodiversity?
This diversity can be attributed to the vast variety of landforms and climates resulting in habitats ranging from tropical to temperate, and from alpine to desert. The number of plant species in India is estimated to be over 45,523 representing about 11.8 per cent of the world’s flora.
How India stands in the world in terms of biological diversity?
India stands in the twelve rank in terms of biological diversity in the world. It has about 47000 of plant species. It occupies tenth place in the world and fourth in Asia in regard to plant diversity.It has about 89,000 of animal species and rich variety of animals.
What is the unique feature of Indian biodiversity?
1. It has two of the 25 identified biodiversity centres termed as hot spots, viz., Eastern Himalaya and Western Ghats. Hot spots are extremely rich in species and have high degree of endemism. They are under constant threat of loss of biodiversity, thus, need immediate conservation and protection.
How many biodiversity are there in India?
Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
Which state in India has least biodiversity?
The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.
Which place of India is rich in biodiversity?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
Who popularized biodiversity in India?
Identify the level of biodiversity represented by 50000 strains of rice in India. Edward Wilson was the Socio-biologist who popularised the term ‘Biodiversity’ . He even described different levels of Biodiversity . There are more than 50,000 strains or rice in India which is an example of Genetic Diversity .
Does India have biodiversity?
Is India’s biodiversity distinctive? … India is unique as we have biodiversity elements of all these landmasses within our country — we occupy just two percent of Earth’s surface but we have a global level of terrestrial and marine biodiversity.
What is the rank of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.
What percentage of biodiversity is India?
India, a megadiverse country with only 2.4% of the world’s land area, accounts for 7-8% of all recorded species, including over 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals.