Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.
Why are rainforests the most diverse ecosystem?
Rainforests have an abundance of plants and animals for the following reasons: Climate: because rainforests are located in tropical regions, they receive a lot of sunlight. … The abundance of energy supports an abundance of plant and animal species.
Which ecosystem has the most biodiversity?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest.
Is the Amazon rainforest the most diverse ecosystem?
Two of the Most Diverse Ecosystems on Earth
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
What is the most diverse forest biome?
Tropical forests are widely considered to have the greatest species diversity of the terrestrial biomes and the tundra biome has the least.
What is a rainforest ecosystem?
A rain forest is simply an area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall. … A rainforest is an area of tall, mostly evergreen trees and a high amount of rainfall. Rainforests are Earth’s oldest living ecosystems, with some surviving in their present form for at least 70 million years.
Which has more biodiversity a rainforest or a desert?
Both biomes have warm climates, but the desert is very dry, and the rainforest is very wet. The desert has very few organisms, so it has low biodiversity. … In contrast, the rainforest has the highest biodiversity of any biome on Earth.
Which of the following has the greatest species diversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Which has highest biodiversity?
Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.
What is example of diverse ecosystem?
Grasslands, tundras, deserts, rainforests, terrestrial and marine ecosystems, are some examples of ecosystems that are diverse and contribute a lot to creating a well-balanced environment.
What is a diverse ecosystem example?
Answer: An ecosystem is a geographic area where the plants,animals and other organisms,as well as weather and landscape,work together to form a bubble of life. Forests,desert, grasslands and streams are the examples of diverse ecosystem.
What is diversity of ecosystem?
Ecosystem Diversity can be defined as the variety of different habitats, communities and ecological processes. A biological community is defined by the species that occupy a particular area and the interactions between those species.