Countries, towns and cities located around the equator experience hot weather throughout the year. It is because the sun remains almost directly overhead everyday. Countries that are further North or South of the equator experience a change in seasons, when hot weather follows cold weather.
Why does the equator get so much rain so hot?
Atmosphere, Ocean and Temperature
Solar energy drives equator weather patterns, absorbing heat into thunderstorms and transferring heat from the atmosphere to the ocean as rain. Convection currents in the atmosphere cause wind patterns that move heat from the equator toward the poles.
Why do most areas near the equator have warm climates?
Reflection of the Sun’s rays on the Earth’s surface
Regions around the equator absorb a lot of sun rays leading to warmer conditions, unlike the polar regions (the Arctic and Antarctica) which reflect a lot of sun rays due to the massive snow.
What is the equator Why is it hot near the equator?
Why is it hot at the Equator and cold at the poles? Due to the tilt of the Earth, the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. There is less atmosphere to pass through at the Equator compared to the poles.
Is the climate near the equator hot and wet?
Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall, particularly during their wet season, which can occur once or twice each year. Rain forests grow in tropical climates.
Why do areas closer to the equator?
Different parts of Earth’s surface receive different amounts of sunlight. The sun’s rays strike Earth’s surface most directly at the equator. This focuses the rays on a small area. Because the rays hit more directly, the area is heated more.
How does equator affect climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
Why is it hotter in the tropics?
The tropics are warm all year, averaging 25 to 28 degrees Celsius (77 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit). This is because the tropics get more exposure to the sun. Because of all that sun, the tropics don’t experience the kind of seasons the rest of the Earth does. … Other areas in the tropics have a drier climate.
How hot is it at the equator?
Average annual temperatures in equatorial lowlands are around 31 °C (88 °F) during the afternoon and 23 °C (73 °F) around sunrise. Rainfall is very high away from cold ocean current upwelling zones, from 2,500 to 3,500 mm (100 to 140 in) per year.