What are the environmental problems with surface mining and underground mining?

Surface mining (another name for “strip mining”) can severely erode the soil or reduce its fertility; pollute waters or drain underground water reserves; scar or altar the landscape; damage roads, homes, and other structures; and destroy wildlife.

What environmental impacts are caused by both surface mining and underground mining?

Both surface mining and underground mining risk causing severe water pollution. The risk of sinkholes is higher in surface mining than in underground mining. Underground mining causes more issues with dust and particulates than surface mining.

What environmental problems are caused by surface mining?

The Environmental Science of Surface Mining

  • Habitat destruction.
  • Soil erosion.
  • Air pollution from dust particulates.
  • Pollution (especially from sediments)

What are three environmental problems of underground mining?

The effects can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes.

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What are the impacts of underground mining on the environment?

Underground mining has the potential for tunnel collapses and land subsidence (Betournay, 2011). It involves large-scale movements of waste rock and vegetation, similar to open pit mining. Additionally, like most traditional forms of mining, underground mining can release toxic compounds into the air and water.

What environmental impacts are caused by the mining and use of coal?

There are significant environmental impacts associated with coal mining and use. It could require the removal of massive amounts of top soil, leading to erosion, loss of habitat and pollution. Coal mining causes acid mine drainage, which causes heavy metals to dissolve and seep into ground and surface water.

How can mining process negatively impact the environment select 3?

Mine exploration, construction, operation, and maintenance may result in land-use change, and may have associated negative impacts on environments, including deforestation, erosion, contamination and alteration of soil profiles, contamination of local streams and wetlands, and an increase in noise level, dust and …

What other problems could the extreme environmental damage caused by the kind of mining done in the Appalachians create?

In Appalachia, mining companies literally blow the tops off mountains to reach thin seams of coal. They then dump millions of tons of rubble into the streams and valleys below the mining sites. Toxic heavy metals such as cadmium, selenium, and arsenic leach into local water supplies, poisoning drinking water.

Which one of the following is a problem associated with underground mining?

Mining has several adverse impacts including air, water and soil pollution, socio-economic problems and effect on wildlife population and their behaviour. … As the deposits near the surface are exhausted underground mining may become cost competitive.

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What are three harmful environmental effects of mining and processing minerals?

7 Effects of Mining and Processing of Mineral Resources on…

  • Pollution: Mining operations often pollute the atmosphere, surface waters and ground water. …
  • Destruction of Land: …
  • Subsidence: …
  • Noise: …
  • Energy: …
  • Impact on the Biological Environment: …
  • Long-term Supplies of Mineral Resources:

What are the disadvantages of underground mining?

Although there are opponents and proponents of underground mining, the disadvantages include destruction of land, surface subsidence, abandoned shafts, extensive surface spoil heaps, mine explosions, collapses and flooding. That doesn’t incorporate the costly price tag that comes with underground mining.

What are the environmental effects of mining on plants and animals?

Mining has a direct effect on local habitat degradation through the removal of native vegetation and soil, as well as indirect effects by promoting changes at the landscape level, such as the opening of roads and secondary accesses, urbanization, deforestation for charcoal production, and intentional introduction of …