What are the factors of climate that could be affected by the presence of a mountain near the place?

Answer: Climate can be affected by mountains. Mountains receive more rainfall than low lying areas because as air is forced over the higher ground it cools, causing moist air to condense and fall out as rainfall. The higher the place is above sea level the colder it will be.

How does presence of mountain affect the climate?

Mountains can have a significant effect on rainfall. When air reaches the mountains, it is forced to rise over this barrier. As the air moves up the windward side of a mountain, it cools, and the volume decreases. As a result, humidity increases and orographic clouds and precipitation can develop.

What are the factors which affect the climate of a place?

Factors that affect the climate of a place:

  • Latitude. …
  • Elevation. …
  • Ocean Currents. …
  • Topography. …
  • Vegetation. …
  • Prevailing winds.

How do mountains and hills affect climate?

Fourthly, mountains themselves play a major role in influencing regional and glo- bal climates. They act as barriers for wind flow, which induces enhanced precipita- tion on the windward side, and reduced precipitation and warmer temperatures on the leeward side.

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  Best answer: Does biodiversity need human beings?

What is the climate of mountains?

(Also called highland climate.) Generally, the climate of high elevations. Precipitation is heavier on the windward side of a mountain barrier than on the leeward (orographic precipitation), and on the windward side it increases upward to the zone of maximum precipitation, then decreases again. …

How do these factors affect the climate in an area?

The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation, and the presence of ocean currents. The precipitation characteristics of a region are influenced by factors such as proximity to mountain ranges and prevailing winds.

What are the 5 factors affecting climate?

LOWERN

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?

These are summarised below.

  • Latitude. Temperature range increases with distance from the equator. …
  • Altitude. Temperatures decrease with height. …
  • Winds. If winds have been blown from a hot area, they will raise temperatures. …
  • Distance from the sea (continentality) Land heats and cools faster than the sea. …
  • Aspect.

What are the factors affecting climate and weather?

The most important factors affecting climate are latitude, altitude, distance to the ocean or sea, orientation of mountain ranges toward prevailing winds, and the ocean current.

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  Best answer: How do you recycle coffee pods at home?

How do mountains and elevation affect climate?

Since air is less dense at higher altitudes, its molecules are spread farther apart than they are at sea level. These molecules have fewer collisions, so they produce less heat. Air temperature drops as you go higher. … At the bottom of the mountain, the temperature is high year round.

How do the altitude of a place affects the climate on the area?

Altitude refers to the height above sea level. Temperature decreases with increasing height above sea level. This makes the higher areas to have lower temperatures than the lower areas. A rise in altitude causes a fall in temperature and a cooling effect which causes condensation.