What factors cause great variations in climate and vegetation?

What factors cause variation in climate and vegetation?

Climate and Vegetation are primarily influenced by location of latitude, that is, how far North or South an area is, as this will determine the length and severity of summer and winter.

What factors cause great variation in climate and vegetation throughout Africa?

African vegetation develops in direct response to the interacting effects of rainfall, temperature, topography, and type of soil; it is further modified by the incidence of fire, human agriculture, and grazing and browsing by livestock.

What are factors that cause variations in climate?

Geological records show that there have been a number of large variations in the Earth’s climate. These have been caused by many natural factors, including changes in the sun, emissions from volcanoes, variations in Earth’s orbit and levels of carbon dioxide (CO2).

What factors cause variations in climate and vegetation in Canada *?

Ocean currents and the upper level jet stream steer weather patterns towards the Pacific Coast bringing cool summers and warm, humid winters along the coast. Altitude plays a key factor in climate variance in Canada.

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What are the main causes of the variation in vegetation?

Topography and climate are regarded as the main factors that control the changes made in vegetation, soil, and precipitation, especially in hillsides by influencing the precipitation and the runoff (Bachmair and Weiler 2012).

What factors cause variations in climate in the United States?

The factors that influence climate are:

  • pressure and wind.
  • ocean currents.
  • mountain barriers.
  • latitude.
  • altitude.
  • land and water distribution [how close to or far from a large body of water]
  • storms.

What are the causes of climate change in Africa?

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the vulnerability of Africa to climate change is driven by a range of factors that include weak adaptive capacity, high dependence on ecosystem goods for livelihoods, and less developed agricultural production systems.

What factors influence the climate of Africa?

The factors that affect the climate of Africa are latitudinal extent, land and sea contrast, ocean currents, and altitude.

What is the relationship between climate and vegetation in Africa?

Africa is largely influenced by fires, which play an important ecological role influencing the distribution and structure of grassland, savanna and forest biomes. Here vegetation strongly interacts with climate and other environmental factors, such as herbivory and humans.

How does vegetation affect climate?

Vegetation can affect climate and weather by the release of water vapor into the air during photosynthesis. The vapor alters surface energy flows and potentially leads to cloud formation. … The researchers found that substantial vegetation-precipitation feedback loops often occur in semi-arid or monsoonal regions.

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What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?


  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

Which two factors have the greatest effect on climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.