What is an economic or ecosystem service of a tropical forest?

What is an ecosystem service of a tropical forest?

Tropical forests house approximately two thirds of the planet’s terrestrial biodiversity [1] and provide many ecosystem services (ES) that are essential to human well-being [1–3], such as CO2 fixation [4,5], water supply and flood control [6], soil maintenance and ecotourism [2,7].

What are the economic and ecosystem services provided by forests?

Forests and grasslands provide a wide range of ecosystem services. In addition to providing food, fuel and fiber, forests clean the air, filter water supplies, control floods and erosion, sustain biodiversity and genetic resources, and provide opportunities for recreation, education, and cultural enrichment.

What are the services provided in the tropical rainforest?

Let’s look at some of the most important rainforest ecosystem services, how they work, and what they provide for us.

  1. Regulating Climate and Air Quality. …
  2. Preventing Soil Erosion. …
  3. Nutrient Recycling. …
  4. Carbon Storage. …
  5. Provisioning Goods. …
  6. Rain Making and Agricultural Support. …
  7. Sustaining Culture.

What is ecosystem services in economics?

ecosystem services, outputs, conditions, or processes of natural systems that directly or indirectly benefit humans or enhance social welfare. … For example, the pollination of crops provided by bees and other organisms contributes to food production and is thus considered an ecosystem service.

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What are the economic benefits of forests?

Forests provide wood, timber, raw materials, vegetables, and fruits, which have significant economic value. The timber is used in construction and making furniture. Wood is also essential in the production of paper. The rubber extracted from trees is used to make several products.

What are the ecosystem services of forests?

The benefits provided by forest ecosystems include:

  • goods such as timber, food, fuel and bioproducts.
  • ecological functions such as carbon storage, nutrient cycling, water and air purification, and maintenance of wildlife habitat.
  • social and cultural benefits such as recreation, traditional resource uses and spirituality.

What is forest ecosystem examples?

The different types of forest ecosystems are boreal, temperate, and tropical rainforest ecosystems. … The main types of forests found in the world are coniferous forest, deciduous forest, mixed forest, tropical rainforest, and Mediterranean forest. Yes, humans are a part of the ecosystem.

What are the types of ecosystem services?

Four Types of Ecosystem Services

  • Provisioning Services. When people are asked to identify a service provided by nature, most think of food. Fruits, vegetables, trees, fish, and livestock are available to us as direct products of ecosystems. …
  • Regulating Services. …
  • Cultural Services. …
  • Supporting Services.

Why is a forest ecosystem important?

Forests are major contributors to the Earth’s ability to maintain its climate, by the global impact of their photosynthesis. They are a natural defense against climate change, removing the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide and generating oxygen. This assists in purifying the atmosphere and controlling rising temperatures.

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What are the primary economic benefits of tropical forest?

Yet tropical forests typically yield economic benefits far in excess of commercial timber and wood products: they also provide subsistence goods and environmental services, which often yield far higher economic values.

How does the ecosystem work in the rainforest?

2) This means that the rainforest ecosystem has very high inputs of rain and sun. The atmosphere is very moist and humid. 3) These conditions are excellent for plant growth, which means that rainforests have a high diversity of plants, insects, birds, and animals.

What ecosystem services do rainforests provide globally and locally?

Ecosystem services: rainforests provide a critical ecosystem services at local, regional, and global scales, including producing oxygen (tropical forests are responsible for 25-30 percent of the world’s oxygen turnover) and storing carbon (tropical forests store an estimated 229-247 billion tons of carbon) through …