What is environmental sanitation and maintenance?

What is environmental sanitation?

The World Health organization (WHO) defines environmental sanitation as “the control of all those factors in man′s physical environment, which exercise or may exercise a deleterious effect on his physical development, health and survival.”[

What is purpose of environmental sanitation?

The overall purposes of sanitation are to provide a healthy living environment for everyone, to protect the natural resources (such as surface water, groundwater, soil), and to provide safety, security and dignity for people when they defecate or urinate.

How can we maintain environmental sanitation?

Need of Sanitation for Healthy Environment

There are many things that you can do in order to prevent such problems and these are like using clean and safe toilets, keep the water sources clean, place the garbage far away from the residential areas/garbage bins, wear clean clothes and drink 100% pure and safe water.

What is the difference between sanitation and environmental sanitation?

‘Sanitation’ and ‘waste management’ both refer to the appropriate management of waste to protect people and the environment. Sanitation generally focuses on liquid waste and waste management on solid waste. Liquid waste includes all types of wastewater and includes human excreta.

What is the importance of maintaining a cleaned and sanitized environment?

Keeping your environment clean—whether at home, work, school or the hospital—is an important way to prevent infection. Dangerous germs can take up residence anywhere. By keeping them to a minimum, you will reduce your chances of developing an infection and improve your health.

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What are the impact of environmental sanitation?

Environmental impacts of poor sanitation and waste management at a local level include pollution of land and watercourses, the visual impact of litter, and bad odours. At a global level, applying the 3 Rs to solid waste management can reduce energy use which will reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

What are the components of environmental sanitation?

The subsquent chapters describe in detail the seven’ components of sanitation, namely, handling of drinking water, disposal of human excreta, disposal of waste water, dispos- al of garbage and cattle dung,home sanitation and food hygiene, personal hygiene, and village sanitation.