A paper published online by the journal Nature on 5 August 2020 revealed that New Guinea in the south-west Pacific Ocean is home to 13,634 species of vascular plant – making it the island with the richest flora.
What island has the most biodiversity?
Researchers have found the island of New Guinea is home to more than 13,000 plant species. This means it has the greatest plant diversity of any island in the world. 68% of these plants are endemic to New Guinea.
What is the most biodiverse place on Earth?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
What is the second most biodiverse place on Earth?
Well-known as the second-most biodiverse country in the world. Colombia ranks second amongst the 12 most biodiverse countries in the world.
Why are islands so biodiverse?
Islands are often considered biodiversity hotspots due to the variety of species that have evolved to thrive on these remote pieces of land. … The features of island living have led to a high number of endemic species, meaning these species are found nowhere else in the world.
Where would one find the highest plant diversity?
New Guinea has the highest plant diversity of any island on Earth, reports a comprehensive assessment of vascular plant species published in the journal Nature.
What is the most biodiverse river in the world?
The Yangtze River Basin has some of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world—from towering mountains and dense forests to fertile wetlands and bustling waterways created by seasonal flooding. The area covers nearly 448 million acres, an area more than four times the size of California.
Which is the most biodiverse region in the world and why?
Brazil. This country has the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet thanks to the presence of the Amazonia on its territory. Brazil has the highest population of species of mammals and freshwater fish. Besides, it hosts more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes.
Where is the least biodiverse place on Earth?
The arctic regions of the world have the least biodiversity because plants don’t survive in the extreme cold and ice that cover these regions year-round. However, life does exist in the arctic regions, mostly affiliated with the seas that surround them.
Where are the 3 most biodiverse places on earth?
17 most biodiverse places on earth
- The Daintree, Queensland, Australia. 638. …
- Cloud forests of Ecuador. …
- The Amazon, Amazon-North, Brazil. …
- Alaska’s backcountry, United States. …
- Sapo National Park, Monrovia, Liberia. …
- Monteverde Park, Costa Rica. …
- Mt. …
- Sinharaja Forest, Sabaragamuwa, Sri Lanka.
Is Colombia the most biodiverse country in the world?
Colombia is the second most biodiverse country in the world
In fact, per square kilometer, the country is the most biodiverse. There are more bird, amphibian, butterfly, and frog species here than anywhere else in the world.
What is the most biodiverse country in Europe?
Italy has the highest level of faunal biodiversity in Europe, with over 57,000 species recorded, representing more than a third of all European fauna.