Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Which ecosystem has the highest biodiversity?
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
Where is biodiversity higher?
Tropical rainforests are the most biodiverse habitats on Earth. They are home to a huge number of different plants, animals, fungi and other organisms.
Which of the following country has highest biodiversity?
Brazil is the only country with highest biodiversity. Biodiversity accounts one-tenth of the world’s overall species.
In which forest the highest biodiversity is found?
Option A: The maximum biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests as they are less seasonal, they are neither too hot nor too cold and are more predictable. Therefore, this is the correct option. These kinds of environments help in promoting niche specialization and also leads to greater species diversity.
What leads to high biodiversity?
Unique Climates and Conditions
One of the most significant and naturally occurring causes of differences in biodiversity across the world is differences in climate. … On the other extreme, moist, tropical zones like the Amazon rainforest support some of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world.
Why do deserts have high biodiversity?
This is due to the high temperatures, low rainfall and a lack of available water. However, biodiversity increases close to desert water sources such as seasonal rivers and lakes and near to an oasis. … Some plants have the bulk of their biomass below the surface of the Earth where temperatures are cooler.
Which of the following has greater species diversity?
Fungi are a group of eukaryotic heteromorphic organisms with diverse forms, sizes, physiology, and mode of reproduction. They exhibit more species diversity. This is followed by algae, bryophytes and then fens and alliles.